NASB — 2 Chronicles 20 — KJV

Judah Invaded

1 Now it came about after this that the sons of Moab and the sons of Ammon, together with some of the IaMeunites, came to make war against Jehoshaphat. 2 Then some came and reported to Jehoshaphat, saying, “A great multitude is coming against you from beyond the sea, out of IAram and behold, they are in aHazazon-tamar (that is Engedi).” 3 Jehoshaphat was afraid and Iaturned his attention to seek the LORD, and bproclaimed a fast throughout all Judah. 4 So Judah gathered together to aseek help from the LORD; they even came from all the cities of Judah to seek the LORD.

[1] ISo with Gr; Heb Ammonites a1Ch 4:41; 2Ch 26:7
[2] IAnother reading is Edom aGn 14:7
[3] ILit set his face a2Ch 19:3 b1S 7:6; Ezr 8:21
[4] aJol 1:14

Jehoshaphat’s Prayer

5 ¶ Then Jehoshaphat stood in the assembly of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of the LORD before the new court, 6 and he said, “O LORD, the God of our fathers, aare You not God in the heavens? And bare You not ruler over all the kingdoms of the nations? Power and might are in Your hand so that no one can stand against You. 7 Did You not, O our God, drive out the inhabitants of this land before Your people Israel and agive it to the descendants of bAbraham Your friend forever? 8 They have lived in it, and have built You a sanctuary there for Your name, saying, 9aShould evil come upon us, the sword, [or] judgment, or pestilence, or famine, we will stand before this house and before You (for bYour name is in this house) and cry to You in our distress, and You will hear and deliver [us].’ 10 Now behold, athe sons of Ammon and Moab and IMount Seir, bwhom You did not let Israel invade when they came out of the land of Egypt (they turned aside from them and did not destroy them), 11 see [how] they are rewarding us by acoming to drive us out from Your possession which You have given us as an inheritance. 12 O our God, awill You not judge them? For we are powerless before this great multitude who are coming against us; nor do we know what to do, but bour eyes are on You.”

[6] aDt 4:39 b1Ch 29:11
[7] aIs 41:8 bJm 2:23
[9] a2Ch 6:28-30 b2Ch 6:20
[10] II.e. Edom a2Ch 20:1, 22 bNu 20:17-21
[11] aPs 83:12
[12] aJg 11:27 bPs 25:15; 121:1, 2

13 ¶ All Judah was standing before the LORD, with their infants, their wives and their children.

Jahaziel Answers the Prayer

14 Then in the midst of the assembly athe Spirit of the LORD came upon Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, the Levite of the sons of Asaph; 15 and he said, “Listen, all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem and King Jehoshaphat: thus says the LORD to you, ‘aDo not fear or be dismayed because of this great multitude, for bthe battle is not yours but God’s. 16 Tomorrow go down against them. Behold, they will come up by the ascent of Ziz, and you will find them at the end of the valley in front of the wilderness of Jeruel. 17 You [need] not fight in this [battle]; station yourselves, astand and see the salvation of the LORD on your behalf, O Judah and Jerusalem.’ Do not fear or be dismayed; tomorrow go out to face them, bfor the LORD is with you.”

[14] a2Ch 15:1; 24:20
[15] aEx 14:13; Dt 20:1-4; 2Ch 32:7, 8 b1S 17:47
[17] aEx 14:13 b2Ch 15:2

18 ¶ Jehoshaphat abowed his head with [his] face to the ground, and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem fell down before the LORD, worshiping the LORD. 19 The Levites, from the sons of the Kohathites and of the sons of the Korahites, stood up to praise the LORD God of Israel, with a very loud voice.

[18] aEx 4:31

Enemies Destroy Themselves

20 ¶ They rose early in the morning and went out to the wilderness of Tekoa; and when they went out, Jehoshaphat stood and said, “Listen to me, O Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem, aput your trust in the LORD your God and you will be established. Put your trust in His prophets and succeed.” 21 When he had consulted with the people, he appointed those who sang to the LORD and those who apraised [Him] in holy attire, as they went out before the army and said, “bGive thanks to the LORD, for His lovingkindness is everlasting.” 22 When they began singing and praising, the LORD aset ambushes against the sons of bAmmon, Moab and Mount Seir, who had come against Judah; so they were Irouted. 23 For the sons of Ammon and Moab rose up against the inhabitants of Mount Seir destroying [them] completely; and when they had finished with the inhabitants of Seir, athey helped to destroy one another.

[20] aIs 7:9
[21] a1Ch 16:29; Ps 29:2 b1Ch 16:34
[22] ILit struck down a2Ch 13:13 b2Ch 20:10
[23] aJg 7:22; 1S 14:20

24 ¶ When Judah came to the lookout of the wilderness, they looked toward the multitude, and behold, they [were] corpses lying on the ground, and no one had escaped. 25 When Jehoshaphat and his people came to take their spoil, they found much among them, [including] goods, Igarments and valuable things which they took for themselves, more than they could carry. And they were three days taking the spoil because there was so much.

[25] ISo several ancient mss; others read corpses

Triumphant Return to Jerusalem

26 Then on the fourth day they assembled in the valley of Beracah, for there they blessed the LORD. Therefore they have named that place “The Valley of IBeracah” until today. 27 Every man of Judah and Jerusalem returned with Jehoshaphat at their head, returning to Jerusalem with joy, afor the LORD had made them to rejoice over their enemies. 28 They came to Jerusalem with harps, lyres and trumpets to the house of the LORD. 29 And athe dread of God was on all the kingdoms of the lands when they heard that the LORD had fought against the enemies of Israel. 30 So the kingdom of Jehoshaphat was at peace, afor his God gave him rest on all sides.

[26] II.e. blessing
[27] aNe 12:43
[29] a2Ch 14:14; 17:10
[30] a2Ch 14:6, 7; 15:15

31aNow Jehoshaphat reigned over Judah. He [was] thirty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem twenty-five years. And his mother’s name [was] Azubah the daughter of Shilhi. 32 He walked in the way of his father Asa and did not depart from it, doing right in the sight of the LORD. 33 aThe high places, however, were not removed; bthe people had not yet directed their hearts to the God of their fathers.

[31] a1K 22:41-43
[33] a2Ch 17:6 b2Ch 19:3

34 ¶ Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat, first Ito last, behold, they are written in the annals of aJehu the son of Hanani, which is IIrecorded in the Book of the Kings of Israel.

[34] ILit and IILit taken up a2Ch 19:2

Alliance Displeases God

35aAfter this Jehoshaphat king of Judah allied himself with Ahaziah king of Israel. He acted wickedly Iin so doing. 36 So he allied himself with him to make ships to go ato Tarshish, and they made the ships in Ezion-geber. 37 Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat saying, “Because you have allied yourself with Ahaziah, the LORD has destroyed your works.” So the ships were broken and could not go to Tarshish.

[35] ILit to do a1K 22:48, 49
[36] a2Ch 9:21


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Jehoshaphat in his fear proclaimeth a fast.

1 ¶ It came to pass after this also, [that] the children of Moab, and the children of Ammon, and with them [other] beside the Ammonites, came against Jehoshaphat to battle. 2 Then there came some that told Jehoshaphat, saying, There cometh a great multitude against thee from beyond the sea on this side Syria; and, behold, they [be] in Hazazontamar, which [is] Engedi. 3 And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah. 4 And Judah gathered themselves together, to ask [help] of the LORD: even out of all the cities of Judah they came to seek the LORD.

[1] 2Ch 19:2, 5, 11; 32:1; Ps 83:5; Is 7:1; 8:9; 16:6; Jr 10:24; Rv 3:19.
[2] Gn 14:3, 7; Nu 34:12; Jsh 3:16; 15:62; 1S 23:29; So 1:14.
[3] Gn 32:7, 24; Jg 20:26; 1S 7:6; 2Ch 11:16; 19:3; Ezr 8:21; Es 4:16; Ps 56:3; Is 37:3; Jr 36:9; Dn 9:3; Jol 1:14; 2:12; Jna 1:16; 3:5; Mt 10:28.
[4] 2Ch 19:5; Ps 34:5; 50:15; 60:10; 69:35.

His prayer.

5 ¶ And Jehoshaphat stood in the congregation of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of the LORD, before the new court, 6 And said, O LORD God of our fathers, [art] not thou God in heaven? and rulest [not] thou over all the kingdoms of the heathen? and in thine hand [is there not] power and might, so that none is able to withstand thee? 7 [Art] not thou our God, [who] didst drive out the inhabitants of this land before thy people Israel, and gavest it to the seed of Abraham thy friend for ever? 8 And they dwelt therein, and have built thee a sanctuary therein for thy name, saying, 9 If, [when] evil cometh upon us, [as] the sword, judgment, or pestilence, or famine, we stand before this house, and in thy presence, (for thy name [is] in this house,) and cry unto thee in our affliction, then thou wilt hear and help. 10 And now, behold, the children of Ammon and Moab and mount Seir, whom thou wouldest not let Israel invade, when they came out of the land of Egypt, but they turned from them, and destroyed them not; 11 Behold, [I say, how] they reward us, to come to cast us out of thy possession, which thou hast given us to inherit. 12 O our God, wilt thou not judge them? for we have no might against this great company that cometh against us; neither know we what to do: but our eyes [are] upon thee. 13 And all Judah stood before the LORD, with their little ones, their wives, and their children.

[5] 2K 19:15; 2Ch 6:12; 34:31.
[6] Ex 3:6, 15; Dt 4:39; Jsh 2:11; 1K 8:23; 1Ch 29:11, 18; Ps 47:2, 8; 62:11; 115:3; Is 57:15; 66:1; Jr 27:5; Dn 4:17, 25, 32; Mt 6:9, 13; Ac 11:17.
[7] Gn 12:7; 13:15; 17:7; Ex 6:7; 19:5; 20:2; 33:2; Jsh 24:3, 13; 1Ch 17:21; 2Ch 14:11; Ne 9:8; Ps 44:2; Is 41:8; Jn 11:11; 15:15; Jm 2:23.
[8] 2Ch 2:4; 6:10.
[9] Ex 20:24; 23:21; 1K 8:33, 37; 2Ch 6:20, 28; Mt 18:20.
[10] Nu 20:17; Dt 2:4, 9, 19; Jg 11:15.
[11] Gn 44:4; Jg 11:23; Ps 7:4; 35:12; 83:3; Pv 17:13; Jr 18:20.
[12] Dt 32:36; Jg 11:27; 1S 3:13; 14:6; 2S 14:11; 2K 6:15; Ps 7:6, 8; 9:19; 25:15; 43:1; 121:1; 123:1; 141:8; Is 2:4; 42:4; Jol 3:12; Jna 2:4; 2Co 1:8; Rv 19:11.
[13] Dt 29:10; Ezr 10:1; Jna 3:5; Ac 21:5.

The prophecy of Jahaziel.

14 ¶ Then upon Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite of the sons of Asaph, came the Spirit of the LORD in the midst of the congregation; 15 And he said, Hearken ye, all Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem, and thou king Jehoshaphat, Thus saith the LORD unto you, Be not afraid nor dismayed by reason of this great multitude; for the battle [is] not yours, but God's. 16 To morrow go ye down against them: behold, they come up by the cliff of Ziz; and ye shall find them at the end of the brook, before the wilderness of Jeruel. 17 Ye shall not [need] to fight in this [battle]: set yourselves, stand ye [still], and see the salvation of the LORD with you, O Judah and Jerusalem: fear not, nor be dismayed; to morrow go out against them: for the LORD [will be] with you. 18 And Jehoshaphat bowed his head with [his] face to the ground: and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem fell before the LORD, worshipping the LORD. 19 And the Levites, of the children of the Kohathites, and of the children of the Korhites, stood up to praise the LORD God of Israel with a loud voice on high.

[14] Nu 11:25; 24:2; 2Ch 15:1; 24:20; Is 58:9; 65:24; Dn 9:20; Ac 10:4, 31.
[15] Ex 14:13; Dt 1:29; 20:1, 4; 31:6, 8; Jsh 11:6; 1S 17:47; 2Ch 32:7, 8; Ne 4:14; Ps 17:1; Is 41:10; 43:1.
[16] 2Ch 20:20.
[17] Ex 14:13, 25; Nu 14:9; 2Ch 15:2; 20:22; 32:8; Ps 46:7, 10, 11; Is 8:9; 30:7, 15; 41:10; Lm 3:26; Am 5:14; Mt 1:23; 28:20; Ro 8:31; 2Ti 4:22.
[18] Gn 24:26; Ex 4:31; 2Ch 7:3; Jb 1:20; Ps 95:6.
[19] 1Ch 15:16; 16:5, 42; 23:5; 25:1; 2Ch 5:13; Ezr 3:12; Ne 12:42; Ps 44:1; 49:1; 81:1; 95:1.

Jehoshaphat exhorteth the people, and setteth singers to praise the LORD.

20 ¶ And they rose early in the morning, and went forth into the wilderness of Tekoa: and as they went forth, Jehoshaphat stood and said, Hear me, O Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem; Believe in the LORD your God, so shall ye be established; believe his prophets, so shall ye prosper. 21 And when he had consulted with the people, he appointed singers unto the LORD, and that should praise the beauty of holiness, as they went out before the army, and to say, Praise the LORD; for his mercy [endureth] for ever.

[20] Ex 14:31; 2S 14:2; 1Ch 4:5; 2Ch 11:6; 20:15; Is 7:9; 26:3; Jr 6:1; Lk 16:31; Jn 5:46; 11:40; 13:20; 14:1; Ro 8:31; He 11:6.
[21] 1Ch 13:1; 16:29, 34, 41; 2Ch 5:13; 7:3, 6; 29:25; 30:21; Ezr 3:10, 11; Ne 12:27; Ps 29:2; 50:2; 90:17; 96:9; 106:1; 107:1; 136:1; Pv 11:14; Jr 33:11.

The great overthrow of the enemies.

22 ¶ And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushments against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, which were come against Judah; and they were smitten. 23 For the children of Ammon and Moab stood up against the inhabitants of mount Seir, utterly to slay and destroy [them]: and when they had made an end of the inhabitants of Seir, every one helped to destroy another. 24 And when Judah came toward the watch tower in the wilderness, they looked unto the multitude, and, behold, they [were] dead bodies fallen to the earth, and none escaped. 25 And when Jehoshaphat and his people came to take away the spoil of them, they found among them in abundance both riches with the dead bodies, and precious jewels, which they stripped off for themselves, more than they could carry away: and they were three days in gathering of the spoil, it was so much.

[22] Jg 7:22; 1S 14:16, 20; 2K 6:17; Ps 35:5; Is 19:2; Ezk 38:21.
[23] Gn 14:6; 36:8; Dt 2:5; Jsh 24:4; Ezk 35:2.
[24] Ex 14:30; 1Ch 5:22; Ezr 9:14; Ps 110:6; Is 37:36; Jr 33:5.
[25] Ex 3:22; 12:35; Nu 31:15; Jg 8:24; 1S 30:19; 2K 7:9; Ps 68:12; Pv 3:15; Ezk 39:8; Ro 8:37.

The people, having blessed God at Berachah, return in triumph.

26 ¶ And on the fourth day they assembled themselves in the valley of Berachah; for there they blessed the LORD: therefore the name of the same place was called, The valley of Berachah, unto this day. 27 Then they returned, every man of Judah and Jerusalem, and Jehoshaphat in the forefront of them, to go again to Jerusalem with joy; for the LORD had made them to rejoice over their enemies. 28 And they came to Jerusalem with psalteries and harps and trumpets unto the house of the LORD. 29 And the fear of God was on all the kingdoms of [those] countries, when they had heard that the LORD fought against the enemies of Israel. 30 So the realm of Jehoshaphat was quiet: for his God gave him rest round about.

[26] Gn 28:19; 32:20; Ex 15:1; 17:15; 1S 7:12; 2S 22:1; 2Ch 5:9; Ps 103:1; 107:21; Is 62:4; Lk 1:68; Ac 1:19; Rv 19:1.
[27] 1S 2:1; 2S 6:14; Ne 12:43; Ps 20:5; 30:1; Is 35:10; 51:11; Mi 2:13; He 6:20; Rv 18:20.
[28] 2S 6:5; 1Ch 13:8; 23:5; 25:6; Ps 57:8; 92:3; 149:3; 150:3; Rv 14:2.
[29] Gn 35:5; Ex 15:14; 23:27; Jsh 2:9; 5:1; 9:9; 2K 7:6; 2Ch 17:10.
[30] Jsh 23:1; 2S 7:1; 2Ch 14:6; 15:15; Jb 34:29; Pv 16:7; Jn 14:27.

Jehoshaphat's reign.

31 ¶ And Jehoshaphat reigned over Judah: [he was] thirty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name [was] Azubah the daughter of Shilhi. 32 And he walked in the way of Asa his father, and departed not from it, doing [that which was] right in the sight of the LORD. 33 Howbeit the high places were not taken away: for as yet the people had not prepared their hearts unto the God of their fathers. 34 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat, first and last, behold, they [are] written in the book of Jehu the son of Hanani, who [is] mentioned in the book of the kings of Israel.

[31] 1K 22:41.
[32] 1K 15:11; 2Ch 14:2, 11; 16:7; 17:3; Ps 18:21; 36:3.
[33] Dt 29:4; 1S 7:3; 2Ch 12:14; 14:3; 17:6; 19:3; 30:19.
[34] 1K 16:1, 7; 2Ch 12:15; 13:22; 16:11; 19:2.

His convoy of ships, which he made with Ahaziah, according to the prophecy of Eliezer, unhappily perished.

35 ¶ And after this did Jehoshaphat king of Judah join himself with Ahaziah king of Israel, who did very wickedly: 36 And he joined himself with him to make ships to go to Tarshish: and they made the ships in Eziongeber. 37 Then Eliezer the son of Dodavah of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, Because thou hast joined thyself with Ahaziah, the LORD hath broken thy works. And the ships were broken, that they were not able to go to Tarshish.

[35] 1K 22:48; 2K 1:2.
[36] 1K 9:26; 10:22; 22:28, 49.
[37] Jsh 7:11; 1K 22:48; 2Ch 9:21; 16:9; 19:2; Pv 9:6; 13:20; He 12:6; Rv 3:19.


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