NASB — Job 31 — KJV

Job Asserts His Integrity

  1 “I have made a covenant with my aeyes;
  How then could I gaze at a virgin?
  2 “And what is athe portion of God from above
  Or the heritage of the Almighty from on high?
  3 “Is it not acalamity to the unjust
  And disaster to bthose who work iniquity?
  4 “Does He not asee my ways
  And bnumber all my steps?

[1] aMt 5:28
[2] aJb 20:29
[3] aJb 18:12; 21:30 bJb 34:22
[4] a2Ch 16:9; Jb 24:23; 28:24; 34:21; 36:7; Pv 5:21; 15:3 bJb 14:16; 31:37

  5 ¶ “If I have awalked with falsehood,
  And my foot has hastened after deceit,
  6 Let Him aweigh me with Iaccurate scales,
  And let God know bmy integrity.
  7 “If my step has aturned from the way,
  Or my heart Ifollowed my eyes,
  Or if any bspot has stuck to my hands,
  8 Let me asow and another eat,
  And let my Ibcrops be uprooted.

[5] aJb 15:31; Mi 2:11
[6] ILit just aJb 6:2, 3 bJb 23:10; 27:5, 6
[7] ILit walked after aJb 23:11 bJb 9:30
[8] IOr offspring aLv 26:16; Jb 20:18; Mi 6:15 bJb 31:12

  9 ¶ “If my heart has been aenticed by a woman,
  Or I have lurked at my neighbor’s doorway,
  10 May my wife agrind for another,
  And let bothers Ikneel down over her.
  11 “For that would be a alustful crime;
  Moreover, it would be ban iniquity [punishable by] judges.
  12 “For it would be afire that consumes to IbAbaddon,
  And would cuproot all my IIincrease.

[9] aJb 24:15; 31:1
[10] II.e. sexual relations aIs 47:2 bDt 28:30; Jr 8:10
[11] aLv 20:10; Dt 22:24 bJb 31:28
[12] II.e. place of destruction IIOr yield aJb 15:30 bJb 26:6 cJb 20:28; 31:8

  13 ¶ “If I have adespised the claim of my male or female slaves
  When they filed a complaint against me,
  14 What then could I do when God arises?
  And when He calls me to account, what will I answer Him?
  15 “Did not aHe who made me in the womb make him,
  And the same one fashion us in the womb?

[13] aDt 24:14, 15
[15] aJb 10:3

  16 ¶ “If I have kept athe poor from [their] desire,
  Or have caused the eyes of bthe widow to fail,
  17 Or have aeaten my morsel alone,
  And bthe orphan has not Ishared it
  18 (But from my youth he grew up with me as with a father,
  And from Iinfancy I guided her),
  19 If I have seen anyone perish afor lack of clothing,
  Or that bthe needy had no covering,
  20 If his loins have not Ithanked me,
  And if he has not been warmed with the fleece of my sheep,
  21 If I have lifted up my hand against athe orphan,
  Because I saw II had support bin the gate,
  22 Let my shoulder fall from the Isocket,
  And my aarm be broken off IIat the elbow.
  23 “For acalamity from God is a terror to me,
  And because of bHis Imajesty I can do nothing.

[16] aJb 5:16; 20:19 bEx 22:22-24; Jb 22:9
[17] ILit eaten from it aJb 22:7 bJb 29:12
[18] ILit my mother’s womb
[19] aJb 22:6; 29:13 bJb 24:4
[20] ILit blessed
[21] ILit my help aJb 29:12; 31:17 bJb 29:7
[22] ILit shoulder; or back IILit from the bone of the upper arm aJb 38:15
[23] ILit exaltation aJb 31:3 bJb 13:11

  24 ¶ “If I have put my confidence [in] agold,
  And called fine gold my trust,
  25 If I have agloated because my wealth was great,
  And because my hand had secured [so] much;
  26 If I have alooked at the Isun when it shone
  Or the moon going in splendor,
  27 And my heart became secretly enticed,
  And my hand Ithrew a kiss from my mouth,
  28 That too would have been aan iniquity [calling for] Ijudgment,
  For I would have bdenied God above.

[24] aJb 22:24; Mk 10:23-25
[25] aJb 1:3, 10; Ps 62:10
[26] ILit light aDt 4:19; 17:3; Ezk 8:16
[27] ILit kissed my mouth
[28] ILit judges aDt 17:2-7; Jb 31:11 bJsh 24:27; Is 59:13

  29 ¶ “Have I arejoiced at the extinction of my enemy,
  Or Iexulted when evil befell him?
  30INo, aI have not IIallowed my mouth to sin
  By asking for his life in ba curse.
  31 “Have the men of my tent not said,
  ‘Who can Ifind one who has not been asatisfied with his meat’?
  32 “The alien has not lodged outside,
  [For] I have opened my doors to the Itraveler.
  33 “Have I acovered my transgressions like IAdam,
  By hiding my iniquity in my bosom,
  34 Because I afeared the great multitude,
  And the contempt of families terrified me,
  And kept silent and did not go out of doors?
  35 “Oh that I had one to hear me!
  Behold, here is my Isignature;
  aLet the Almighty answer me!
  And the indictment which my badversary has written,
  36 Surely I would carry it on my shoulder,
  I would bind it to myself like a crown.
  37 “I would declare to Him athe number of my steps;
  Like ba prince I would approach Him.

[29] ILit lifted myself up aPv 17:5; 24:17; Ob 12
[30] ILit And IILit given my palate aPs 7:4 bJb 5:3
[31] ILit give aJb 22:7
[32] IM.T. way
[33] IOr mankind aGn 3:10; Pv 28:13
[34] aEx 23:2
[35] ILit mark aJb 19:7; 30:20, 24, 28; 35:14 bJb 27:7
[37] aJb 31:4 bJb 1:3; 29:25

  38 ¶ “If my aland cries out against me,
  And its furrows weep together;
  39 If I have aeaten its Ifruit without money,
  Or have bcaused IIits owners to lose their lives,
  40 Let abriars Igrow instead of wheat,
  And stinkweed instead of barley.”
The words of Job are ended.

[38] aJb 24:2
[39] ILit strength IILit the soul of its owners to expire aJb 24:6, 10-12; Jm 5:4 b1K 21:19
[40] ILit come forth aJb 32:13; Is 5:6


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Job maketh a solemn protestation of his integrity in several duties.

1 ¶ I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid? 2 For what portion of God [is there] from above? and [what] inheritance of the Almighty from on high? 3 [Is] not destruction to the wicked? and a strange [punishment] to the workers of iniquity? 4 Doth not he see my ways, and count all my steps? 5 If I have walked with vanity, or if my foot hath hasted to deceit; 6 Let me be weighed in an even balance, that God may know mine integrity. 7 If my step hath turned out of the way, and mine heart walked after mine eyes, and if any blot hath cleaved to mine hands; 8 [Then] let me sow, and let another eat; yea, let my offspring be rooted out. 9 If mine heart have been deceived by a woman, or [if] I have laid wait at my neighbour's door; 10 [Then] let my wife grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her. 11 For this [is] an heinous crime; yea, it [is] an iniquity [to be punished by] the judges. 12 For it [is] a fire [that] consumeth to destruction, and would root out all mine increase. 13 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me; 14 What then shall I do when God riseth up? and when he visiteth, what shall I answer him? 15 Did not he that made me in the womb make him? and did not one fashion us in the womb? 16 If I have withheld the poor from [their] desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail; 17 Or have eaten my morsel myself alone, and the fatherless hath not eaten thereof; 18 (For from my youth he was brought up with me, as [with] a father, and I have guided her from my mother's womb;) 19 If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without covering; 20 If his loins have not blessed me, and [if] he were [not] warmed with the fleece of my sheep; 21 If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate: 22 [Then] let mine arm fall from my shoulder blade, and mine arm be broken from the bone. 23 For destruction [from] God [was] a terror to me, and by reason of his highness I could not endure. 24 If I have made gold my hope, or have said to the fine gold, [Thou art] my confidence; 25 If I rejoiced because my wealth [was] great, and because mine hand had gotten much; 26 If I beheld the sun when it shined, or the moon walking [in] brightness; 27 And my heart hath been secretly enticed, or my mouth hath kissed my hand: 28 This also [were] an iniquity [to be punished by] the judge: for I should have denied the God [that is] above. 29 If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him: 30 Neither have I suffered my mouth to sin by wishing a curse to his soul. 31 If the men of my tabernacle said not, Oh that we had of his flesh! we cannot be satisfied. 32 The stranger did not lodge in the street: [but] I opened my doors to the traveller. 33 If I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom: 34 Did I fear a great multitude, or did the contempt of families terrify me, that I kept silence, [and] went not out of the door? 35 Oh that one would hear me! behold, my desire [is, that] the Almighty would answer me, and [that] mine adversary had written a book. 36 Surely I would take it upon my shoulder, [and] bind it [as] a crown to me. 37 I would declare unto him the number of my steps; as a prince would I go near unto him. 38 If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain; 39 If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life: 40 Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

[1] Gn 6:2; 2S 11:2; Ps 119:37; Pv 4:25; 6:25; 23:31; Mt 5:28; Jm 1:14; 1Jn 2:16.
[2] Jb 20:29; 27:13; He 13:4.
[3] Jb 21:30; Ps 55:23; 73:18; Pv 1:27; 10:29; 21:15; Is 28:21; Mt 7:13; Ro 9:22; 1Th 5:3; 2Th 1:9; 2P 2:1; Jde 1:7.
[4] Gn 16:13; 2Ch 16:9; Jb 14:16; 34:21; Ps 44:21; 139:1; Pv 5:21; 15:3; Jr 16:17; 32:19; Jn 1:48; He 4:13.
[5] Ps 4:2; 7:3; 12:2; 44:20; Pv 12:11; Jr 2:5; Ezk 13:8.
[6] Jsh 22:22; 1S 2:3; Ps 1:6; 7:8; 17:2; 26:1; 139:23; Pv 16:11; Is 26:7; Dn 5:27; Mi 6:11; Mt 7:23; 2Ti 2:19.
[7] Nu 15:39; Ps 44:20; 101:3; Ec 11:9; Is 33:15; Ezk 6:9; 14:3, 7; Mt 5:29.
[8] Lv 26:16; Dt 28:30, 38, 51; Jg 6:3; Jb 5:4, 5; 15:30; 18:19; 24:6; Ps 109:13; Mi 6:15.
[9] Jg 16:5; 1K 11:4; Ne 13:26; Jb 24:15; Pv 2:16; 5:3; 6:25; 7:21; 22:14; Ec 7:26; Jr 5:8; Ho 7:4.
[10] Ex 11:5; 2S 12:11; Is 47:2; Jr 8:10; Ho 4:13; Mt 24:41.
[11] Gn 20:9; 26:10; 38:24; 39:9; Ex 20:14; Lv 20:10; Dt 22:22; Jb 31:28; Pv 6:29; Ezk 16:38.
[12] Pv 3:33; 6:27; Jr 5:7; Mal 3:5; He 13:4.
[13] Ex 21:20, 26; Lv 25:43, 46; Dt 15:12; Jr 34:14; Ep 6:9; Col 4:1.
[14] Jb 9:32; 10:2; Ps 7:6; 9:12, 19; 10:12; 44:21; 76:9; 143:2; Is 10:3; Ho 9:7; Mi 7:4; Zc 2:13; Mk 7:2; Ro 3:19; Jm 2:13.
[15] Ne 5:5; Jb 10:8; 34:19; Ps 139:14; Pv 14:31; 22:2; Is 58:7; Mal 2:10.
[16] Dt 15:7; 28:32; Jb 22:7; Ps 69:3; 112:9; 119:82, 123; Is 38:14; Lm 4:17; Lk 16:21; Ac 11:29; Ga 2:10.
[17] Dt 15:11, 14; Ne 8:10; Jb 29:13; Ezk 18:7, 16; Lk 11:41; Jn 13:29; Ac 4:32; Ro 12:13; Jm 1:27; 1Jn 3:17.
[19] 2Ch 28:15; Jb 22:6; Is 58:7; Mt 25:36, 43; Lk 3:11; Ac 9:39; Jm 2:16; 1Jn 3:18.
[20] Dt 24:13; Jb 29:11.
[21] Jb 6:27; 22:9; 24:9; 29:12; Pv 23:10; Jr 5:28; Ezk 22:7; Mi 2:1; 7:3.
[22] Jsh 22:22; Jb 31:10, 40; Ps 7:4; 137:6.
[23] Gn 39:9; Jb 13:11; 20:23; 21:20; 40:9; 42:5; Ps 76:7; 119:120; Is 13:6; Jol 1:15; 2Co 5:11.
[24] Gn 31:1; Dt 8:12; Ps 49:6, 17; 52:7; 62:10; Pv 10:15; 11:28; 30:9; Mk 10:24; Lk 12:15; Col 3:5; 1Ti 6:10, 17.
[25] Dt 8:17; Es 5:11; Pv 23:5; Is 10:13; Jr 9:23; Ezk 28:5; Dn 4:30; Ho 12:8; Hab 1:16; Lk 12:19; 16:19, 25.
[26] Gn 1:16; Dt 4:19; 11:16; 17:3; 2K 23:5, 11; Ps 8:3; Jr 8:2; 44:17; Ezk 8:16.
[27] Dt 11:16; 13:6; 1K 19:18; Ps 2:12; Is 44:20; Ho 13:2; Ro 1:21, 28.
[28] Gn 18:25; Dt 17:2, 9; Jsh 24:23, 27; Jg 11:27; Jb 9:15; 23:7; 31:11; Ps 50:6; Pv 30:9; Tit 1:16; He 12:23; 2P 2:1; 1Jn 2:23; Jde 1:4.
[29] 2S 1:12; 4:10; 16:5; Ps 35:13, 25; Pv 17:5; 24:17.
[30] Ex 23:4; Ec 5:2, 6; Mt 5:22, 43; 12:36; Ro 12:14; Jm 3:6, 9; 1P 2:22; 3:9.
[31] 1S 24:4, 10; 26:8; 2S 16:9; 19:21; Jb 19:22; Ps 27:2; 35:25; Pv 1:11, 18; Jr 40:15; Mi 3:2; Lk 9:54; 22:50.
[32] Gn 19:2; Jg 19:15, 20; Jb 31:17; Is 58:7; Mt 25:35, 40, 44; Ro 12:13; 1Ti 5:10; He 13:2; 1P 4:9.
[33] Gn 3:7, 12; Jsh 7:11; Pv 28:13; Ho 6:7; Ac 5:8; 1Jn 1:8.
[34] Ex 23:2; 32:27; Nu 25:14; Ne 5:7; 13:4, 28; Es 4:11, 14; Jb 22:8; 34:19; Pv 24:11; 29:25; Jr 38:4, 16, 19; Am 5:11; Mi 7:3; Mt 27:20; 2Co 5:16.
[35] Jb 13:3, 21, 24; 17:3; 19:11, 23; 23:3; 33:6, 10; 38:1; 40:4; Ps 26:1; Mt 5:25.
[36] Ex 28:12; Jb 29:14; Is 22:22; 62:3; Php 4:1.
[37] Gn 32:28; Jb 9:3; 13:15; 14:16; 42:3; Ps 19:12; Ep 3:12; He 4:15; 1Jn 3:19.
[38] Jb 20:27; Ps 65:13; Hab 2:11; Jm 5:4.
[39] Gn 4:12; 1K 21:13, 19; Pv 1:19; Is 26:21; Ezk 22:6, 12.
[40] Gn 3:17; 2K 14:9; Ps 72:20; Is 7:23; Zp 2:9; Mal 1:3.


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