NASB — James 3 — KJV

The Tongue Is a Fire

1 aLet not many [of you] become teachers, bmy brethren, knowing that as such we will incur a Istricter judgment. 2 For we all astumble in many [ways]. bIf anyone does not stumble in Iwhat he says, he is a cperfect man, able to dbridle the whole body as well. 3 Now aif we put the bits into the horses’ mouths so that they will obey us, we direct their entire body as well. 4 Look at the ships also, though they are so great and are driven by strong winds, are still directed by a very small rudder wherever the inclination of the pilot desires. 5 So also the tongue is a small part of the body, and [yet] it aboasts of great things.

bSee how great a forest is set aflame by such a small fire! 6 And athe tongue is a fire, the [very] world of iniquity; the tongue is set among our members as that which bdefiles the entire body, and sets on fire the course of [our] Ilife, and is set on fire by IIchell. 7 For every Ispecies of beasts and birds, of reptiles and creatures of the sea, is tamed and has been tamed by the human Irace. 8 But no one can tame the tongue; [it is] a restless evil [and] full of adeadly poison. 9 With it we bless a[our] Lord and Father, and with it we curse men, bwho have been made in the likeness of God; 10 from the same mouth come [both] blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not to be this way. 11 Does a fountain send out from the same opening [both] Ifresh and bitter [water]? 12 aCan a fig tree, my brethren, produce olives, or a vine produce figs? Nor [can] salt water produce Ifresh.

[1] IOr greater condemnation aMt 23:8; Ro 2:20f; 1Ti 1:7 bJm 1:16; 3:10
[2] ILit word aJm 2:10 bMt 12:34-37; Jm 3:2-12 cJm 1:4 dJm 1:26
[3] aPs 32:9
[5] aPs 12:3f; 73:8f bPv 26:20f
[6] IOr existence, origin IIGr Gehenna aPs 120:2, 3; Pv 16:27 bMt 12:36f; 15:11, 18f cMt 5:22
[7] ILit nature
[8] aPs 140:3; Ec 10:11; Ro 3:13
[9] aJm 1:27 bGn 1:26; 1Co 11:7
[11] ILit sweet
[12] IV 11, note 1 aMt 7:16

Wisdom from Above

13 ¶ Who among you is wise and understanding? aLet him show by his bgood behavior his deeds in the gentleness of wisdom. 14 But if you have bitter ajealousy and Iselfish ambition in your heart, do not be arrogant and [so] lie against bthe truth. 15 This wisdom is not that which comes down afrom above, but is bearthly, Icnatural, ddemonic. 16 For where ajealousy and Iselfish ambition exist, IIthere is disorder and every evil thing. 17 But the wisdom afrom above is first bpure, then cpeaceable, dgentle, Ireasonable, efull of mercy and good fruits, funwavering, without ghypocrisy. 18 And the Iaseed whose fruit is righteousness is sown in peace IIby those who make peace.

[13] aJm 2:18 b1P 2:12
[14] IOr strife aRo 2:8; 2Co 12:20; Jm 3:16 b1Ti 2:4; Jm 1:18; 5:19
[15] IOr unspiritual aJm 1:17 b1Co 2:6; 3:19 c2Co 1:12; Jde 19 d2Th 2:9f; 1Ti 4:1; Rv 2:24
[16] IV 14, note 1 III.e. in that place aRo 2:8; 2Co 12:20; Jm 3:14
[17] IOr willing to yield aJm 1:17 b2Co 7:11; Jm 4:8 cMt 5:9; He 12:11 dTit 3:2 eLk 6:36; Jm 2:13 fJm 2:4 gRo 12:9; 2Co 6:6
[18] ILit fruit of righteousness IIOr for aPv 11:18; Is 32:17; Ho 10:12; Am 6:12; Ga 6:8; Php 1:11


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We are not rashly or arrogantly to reprove others:

1 ¶ My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation. 2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same [is] a perfect man, [and] able also to bridle the whole body. 3 Behold, we put bits in the horses' mouths, that they may obey us; and we turn about their whole body. 4 Behold also the ships, which though [they be] so great, and [are] driven of fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very small helm, whithersoever the governor listeth.

[1] Lv 10:3; Ezk 3:17; 33:7; Mal 2:12; Mt 7:1; 9:11; 10:24; 23:8, 14; Lk 6:37; 12:47; 16:2; Jn 3:10; Ac 13:1; 20:26; Ro 2:20; 1Co 4:2; 11:29; 12:28; 2Co 5:10; Ep 4:11; 1Ti 2:7; 2Ti 1:11; He 13:17; 1P 5:3.
[2] 1K 8:46; 2Ch 6:36; Ps 34:13; Pv 13:3; 20:9; Ec 7:20; Is 64:6; Mt 12:37; Ro 3:10; 7:21; 1Co 9:27; Ga 3:22; 5:17; Col 1:28; 4:12; He 13:21; Jm 1:4, 26; 3:5; 1P 3:10; 5:10; 1Jn 1:8.
[3] 2K 19:28; Ps 32:9; 39:1; Is 37:29; Jm 1:26.
[4] Ps 107:25; Jna 1:4; Mt 8:24; Ac 27:14.

but rather to bridle the tongue, a little member, but a powerful instrument of much good, and great harm.

5 Even so the tongue is a little member, and boasteth great things. Behold, how great a matter a little fire kindleth! 6 And the tongue [is] a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell. 7 For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed of mankind: 8 But the tongue can no man tame; [it is] an unruly evil, full of deadly poison. 9 Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the similitude of God. 10 Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be. 11 Doth a fountain send forth at the same place sweet [water] and bitter? 12 Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs? so [can] no fountain both yield salt water and fresh.

[5] Ex 5:2; 15:9; 2K 19:22; Jb 21:14; 22:17; Ps 10:3; 12:2; 17:10; 52:1; 73:8; Pv 12:18; 15:2; 18:21; Jr 9:3; 18:18; Ezk 28:2; 29:3; Dn 3:15; 4:30; 2P 2:18; Jde 1:16; Rv 13:5.
[6] Gn 3:4; Lv 24:11; Nu 25:2; 31:16; Dt 13:6; Jg 12:4; 16:15; 1S 22:9; 2S 13:26; 15:2; 16:20; 17:1; 19:43; 20:1; 1K 21:5; 2Ch 10:13; 13:17; Ps 64:3; 140:3; Pv 1:10; 6:19; 7:5, 21; 15:1; 16:27; 26:20; Is 30:27; Jr 20:10; 28:16; Mt 12:24, 32; 15:11; Mk 7:15, 20; 14:55; Lk 16:24; Ac 5:3; 6:13; 20:30; Ro 3:13; 16:17; 2Co 11:13; Ep 5:3; Col 3:8; 2Th 2:9, 10; Tit 1:11; Jm 2:7; 2P 2:1; 3:3; 3Jn 1:10; Jde 1:8, 15; Rv 2:14; 12:9; 13:1, 14; 18:23; 19:20.
[7] Mk 5:4.
[8] Dt 32:33; Ps 55:21; 57:4; 58:4; 59:7; 64:3; 140:3; Ec 10:11; Ro 3:13; Jm 3:6; Rv 12:9.
[9] Gn 1:26; 5:1; 9:6; Jg 9:27; 2S 16:5; 19:21; 1Ch 29:10, 20; Ps 10:7; 16:9; 30:12; 34:1; 35:28; 51:14; 57:8; 59:12; 62:4; 63:4; 71:24; 108:1; 109:17; 145:1, 21; Ec 7:22; Is 29:13; Mt 5:44; 26:74; Ac 2:26; Ro 3:14; 1Co 11:7; Ep 1:3; 1P 1:3.
[10] Gn 20:9; 2S 13:12; Ps 50:16; Jr 7:4; Mi 3:11; Ro 12:14; 1Co 3:3; 1Ti 5:13; 1P 3:9.
[11] Jm 3:11.
[12] Ex 15:23; 2K 2:19; Is 5:2; Jr 2:21; Ezk 47:8; Mt 7:16; 12:33; Lk 6:43; Ro 11:16.

They who be truly wise be mild, and peaceable, without envying, and strife.

13 Who [is] a wise man and endued with knowledge among you? let him shew out of a good conversation his works with meekness of wisdom. 14 But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth. 15 This wisdom descendeth not from above, but [is] earthly, sensual, devilish. 16 For where envying and strife [is], there [is] confusion and every evil work. 17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, [and] easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy. 18 And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of them that make peace.

[13] Nu 12:3; 2Ch 2:12; Jb 28:28; Ps 25:9; 45:4; 107:43; 149:4; Ec 8:1, 5; Is 11:3, 4; 29:19; 60:6; 61:1; Jr 9:12, 23; Dn 2:21; Zp 2:3; Mt 5:5; 7:24; 11:29; 21:5; 1Co 6:5; 2Co 8:24; 10:1; Ga 5:23; 6:1, 4; Ep 4:2; Php 1:27; Col 3:12; 1Ti 4:12; 6:11; 2Ti 2:25; Tit 3:2; He 13:5; Jm 1:21; 2:18; 3:1, 17; 1P 2:9, 12; 3:1, 4, 15, 16.
[14] Gn 30:1; 37:11; 2K 10:16, 31; Jb 5:2; Pv 14:30; 27:4; Is 11:13; Hab 1:3; Mt 27:18; Jn 16:2; Ac 5:17; 7:9; 13:45; 26:9; Ro 1:29; 2:17, 23; 13:13; 1Co 3:3; 4:7; 5:2, 6; 13:4; 2Co 12:20; Ga 5:15, 21, 26; 6:13; Php 1:15; 2:3; 1Ti 6:4; Tit 3:3; Jm 3:16; 4:1; 1P 2:1.
[15] Gn 3:1; 2S 13:3; 15:31; 16:23; Jr 4:22; Lk 16:8; Jn 3:17; 8:44; Ac 13:10; Ro 1:22; 1Co 1:19, 27; 2:6, 14; 3:3, 19; 2Co 1:12; 11:3, 13; Php 3:19; Jm 1:5, 17; 3:17; 1Jn 3:8; Jde 1:19; Rv 9:11; 12:9.
[16] Gn 11:9; Ac 19:29; 1Co 3:3; 14:33; Ga 5:20; Jm 3:14; 1Jn 3:12.
[17] Gn 41:38; Ex 36:2; 1K 3:9, 12, 28; 1Ch 22:9, 12; Jb 28:12, 23, 28; Pv 2:6; Is 2:4; 9:6; 11:2; 32:6, 15; 40:11; Dn 1:17; Mal 2:9; 3:3; Mt 5:8; 23:28; Lk 12:1; 21:15; Jn 1:14, 47; Ac 9:36; 11:24; Ro 12:9, 18; 15:14; 1Co 2:6; 12:8; 13:4; 2Co 9:10; 10:1; Ga 5:22; Ep 5:9; Php 1:11; 4:8; Col 1:10; 1Th 2:7; 1Ti 5:21; 2Ti 2:24; Tit 1:15; 3:2; He 12:14; Jm 1:5, 17; 2:4; 3:15; 4:8; 1P 1:22; 2:1; 1Jn 3:3, 18.
[18] Pv 11:18, 28, 30; Is 32:16; Ho 10:12; Mt 5:9; Jn 4:36; Php 1:11; He 12:11; Jm 1:20.


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