NASB — 1 Samuel 21 — KJV

David Takes Consecrated Bread

1 Then David came to aNob to Ahimelech the priest; and Ahimelech bcame trembling to meet David and said to him, “Why are you alone and no one with you?” 2 David said to Ahimelech the priest, “The king has commissioned me with a matter and has said to me, ‘aLet no one know anything about the matter on which I am sending you and with which I have commissioned you; and I have directed the young men to a certain place.’ 3 Now therefore, what Ido you have on hand? Give IIme five loaves of bread, or whatever can be found.” 4 The priest answered David and said, “There is no ordinary bread Ion hand, but there is aconsecrated bread; if only the young men have bkept themselves from women.” 5 David answered the priest and said to him, “aSurely women have been kept from us as previously when I set out and the bvessels of the young men were holy, though it was an ordinary journey; how much more then today will Itheir vessels [be holy]?” 6 So athe priest gave him consecrated [bread]; for there was no bread there but the bbread of the Presence which was removed from before the LORD, in order to put hot bread [in its place] when it was taken away.

[1] a1S 22:19; Ne 11:32; Is 10:32 b1S 16:4
[2] aPs 141:3
[3] ILit is under your hand? IILit in my hand
[4] ILit under my hand aEx 25:30; Lv 24:5-9; Mt 12:4 bEx 19:15
[5] ILit it be holy in the vessel aEx 19:14, 15 b1Th 4:4
[6] aMt 12:3, 4; Lk 6:3, 4 bLv 24:5-9

7 ¶ Now one of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the LORD; and his name was aDoeg the Edomite, the bchief of Saul’s shepherds.

[7] a1S 14:47; 22:9; Ps 52: title b1Ch 27:29, 31

8 ¶ David said to Ahimelech, “Now is there not a spear or a sword Ion hand? For I brought neither my sword nor my weapons IIwith me, because the king’s matter was urgent.” 9 Then the priest said, “aThe sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you Ikilled bin the valley of Elah, behold, it is wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod; if you would take it for yourself, take [it]. For there is no other except it here.” And David said, “There is none like it; give it to me.”

[8] ILit under your hand IILit in my hand
[9] ILit smote a1S 17:51, 54 b1S 17:2

10 ¶ Then David arose and fled that day from Saul, and went to aAchish king of Gath. 11 But the aservants of Achish said to him, “Is this not David the king of the land? bDid they not sing of this one as they danced, saying,
  ‘Saul has slain his thousands,
  And David his ten thousands’?”
12 David atook these words Ito heart and greatly feared Achish king of Gath. 13 So he adisguised his sanity before them, and acted insanely in their hands, and scribbled on the doors of the gate, and let his saliva run down into his beard. 14 Then Achish said to his servants, “Behold, you see the man behaving as a madman. Why do you bring him to me? 15 Do I lack madmen, that you have brought this one to act the madman in my presence? Shall this one come into my house?”

[10] aPs 34: title
[11] aPs 56: title b1S 18:7; 29:5
[12] ILit in his aLk 2:19
[13] aPs 34: title

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David at Nob obtaineth of Ahimelech hallowed bread.

1 ¶ Then came¬ David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid¬ at the meeting¬ of David, and said¬ unto him, Why [art] thou alone, and no man with thee? 2 And David said¬ unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded¬ me a business, and hath said¬ unto me, Let no man know¬ any thing of the business whereabout I send¬ thee, and what I have commanded¬ thee: and I have appointed¬ [my] servants to such and such a place. 3 Now therefore what is under thine hand? give¬ [me] five [loaves of] bread in mine hand, or what there is present.¬ 4 And the priest answered¬ David, and said,¬ [There is] no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept¬ themselves at least from women. 5 And David answered¬ the priest, and said¬ unto him, Of a truth women [have been] kept¬ from us about these three days, since I came out,¬ and the vessels of the young men are holy, and [the bread is] in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified¬ this day in the vessel. 6 So the priest gave¬ him hallowed [bread]: for there was no bread there but the shewbread, that was taken¬ from before the LORD, to put¬ hot bread in the day when it was taken away.¬

[1] 1S 14:3; 16:4; 22:9, 19; Ne 11:32; Is 10:32; Mk 2:26.
[2] Gn 27:20, 24; 1S 19:17; 22:22; 1K 13:18; Ps 119:29; Ga 2:12; Col 3:9.
[3] Jg 9:29; 1S 21:4; Is 3:6.
[4] Ex 19:15; 25:30; Lv 24:5; 1S 21:6; Zc 7:3; Mt 12:3; 1Co 7:5.
[5] Lv 8:26; 24:9; Ac 9:15; 1Th 4:3; 2Ti 2:20; 1P 3:17.
[6] Lv 24:5; Mt 12:3; Mk 2:25; Lk 6:3.

Doeg was present.

7 Now a certain man of the servants of Saul [was] there that day, detained¬ before the LORD; and his name [was] Doeg, an Edomite, the chiefest of the herdmen¬ that [belonged] to Saul.

[7] Gn 13:7; 26:20; 1S 11:5; 22:9; 1Ch 27:29; 2Ch 26:10; Ps 52:1; Jr 7:9; Ezk 33:31; Am 8:5; Mt 15:8; Ac 21:26.

David taketh Goliath's sword.

8 ¶ And David said¬ unto Ahimelech, And is there not here under thine hand spear or sword? for I have neither brought¬ my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required¬ haste.¬ 9 And the priest said,¬ The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom thou slewest¬ in the valley of Elah, behold, it [is here] wrapped¬ in a cloth behind the ephod: if thou wilt take¬ that, take¬ [it]: for [there is] no other save that here. And David said,¬ [There is] none like that; give¬ it me.

[9] Ex 28:6; 1S 17:2, 50, 51; 31:10.

David at Gath feigneth himself mad.

10 ¶ And David arose,¬ and fled¬ that day for fear of Saul, and went¬ to Achish the king of Gath. 11 And the servants of Achish said¬ unto him, [Is] not this David the king of the land? did they not sing¬ one to another of him in dances, saying,¬ Saul hath slain¬ his thousands, and David his ten thousands? 12 And David laid up¬ these words in his heart, and was sore afraid¬ of Achish the king of Gath. 13 And he changed¬ his behaviour before them, and feigned himself mad¬ in their hands, and scrabbled¬ on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle fall down¬ upon his beard. 14 Then said¬ Achish unto his servants, Lo, ye see¬ the man is mad:¬ wherefore [then] have ye brought¬ him to me? 15 Have I need of mad men,¬ that ye have brought¬ this [fellow] to play the mad man¬ in my presence? shall this [fellow] come¬ into my house?

[10] 1S 7:14; 17:52; 27:1, 2; 1K 19:3; 2Ch 11:8; Ps 34:1; Jr 26:21; Mi 1:14.
[11] 1S 16:1; 18:7; 29:5; Ps 56:1.
[12] Gn 12:11; 26:7; 1S 21:10; Ps 34:4; 56:3; 119:11; Lk 2:19, 51.
[13] Ps 34:1; Pv 29:25; Ec 7:7.
[14] Ec 7:7.

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