NASB — 1 Kings 1 — KJV

David in Old Age

1 Now King David was old, advanced in age; and they covered him with clothes, but he could not keep warm. 2 So his servants said to him, “Let them seek a young virgin for my lord the king, and let her Iattend the king and become his nurse; and let her lie in your bosom, that my lord the king may keep warm.” 3 So they searched for a beautiful girl throughout all the territory of Israel, and found Abishag the aShunammite, and brought her to the king. 4 The girl was very beautiful; and she became the king’s nurse and served him, but the king did not Icohabit with her.

[2] ILit stand before
[3] aJsh 19:18; 1S 28:4
[4] ILit know her

5 ¶ Now aAdonijah the son of Haggith exalted himself, saying, “I will be king.” So bhe prepared for himself chariots and horsemen with fifty men to run before him. 6 His father had never Icrossed him at any time by asking, “Why have you done so?” And he was also a very handsome man, and IIahe was born after Absalom. 7 IHe had conferred with aJoab the son of Zeruiah and with bAbiathar the priest; and following cAdonijah they helped him. 8 But aZadok the priest, bBenaiah the son of Jehoiada, cNathan the prophet, dShimei, Rei, and ethe mighty men who belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.

[5] a2S 3:4 b2S 15:1
[6] ILit pained him IILit she gave him birth a2S 3:3, 4
[7] ILit his words were a1Ch 11:6 b1S 22:20, 23; 2S 20:25 c1K 2:22
[8] a2S 20:25; 1Ch 16:39 b2S 8:18 c2S 12:1 d1K 4:18 e2S 23:8-39

9 ¶ Adonijah sacrificed sheep and oxen and fatlings by the Istone of Zoheleth, which is beside aEn-rogel; and he invited all his brothers, the king’s sons, and all the men of Judah, the king’s servants. 10 But he did not invite Nathan the prophet, Benaiah, the mighty men, and aSolomon his brother.

[9] IOr Gliding or Serpent Stone aJsh 15:7; 18:16; 2S 17:17
[10] a2S 12:24

Nathan and Bathsheba

11 ¶ Then Nathan spoke to aBathsheba the mother of Solomon, saying, “Have you not heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith has become king, and David our lord does not know [it]? 12 So now come, please let me agive you counsel and save your life and the life of your son Solomon. 13 Go Iat once to King David and say to him, ‘Have you not, my lord, O king, sworn to your maidservant, saying, “aSurely Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne”? Why then has Adonijah become king?’ 14 “Behold, while you are still there speaking with the king, I will come in after you and confirm your words.”

[11] a2S 12:24
[12] aPv 15:22
[13] ILit and enter a1K 1:30; 1Ch 22:9-13

15 ¶ So Bathsheba went in to the king in the bedroom. Now athe king was very old, and Abishag the Shunammite was ministering to the king. 16 Then Bathsheba bowed and prostrated herself Ibefore the king. And the king said, “What IIdo you wish?” 17 She said to him, “My lord, you swore to your maidservant by the LORD your God, [saying], ‘aSurely your son Solomon shall be king after me and he shall sit on my throne.’ 18 Now, behold, Adonijah is king; and now, my lord the king, you do not know [it]. 19 aHe has sacrificed oxen and fatlings and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the sons of the king and Abiathar the priest and Joab the commander of the army, but he has not invited Solomon your servant. 20 As for you now, my lord the king, the eyes of all Israel are on you, to tell them who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him. 21 Otherwise it will come about, aas soon as my lord the king sleeps with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon will be considered Ioffenders.”

[15] a1K 1:1
[16] ILit to IILit to you
[17] a1K 1:13
[19] a1K 1:9
[21] ILit sinners aDt 31:16; 2S 7:12; 1K 2:10

22 ¶ Behold, while she was still speaking with the king, Nathan the prophet came in. 23 They told the king, saying, “Here is Nathan the prophet.” And when he came in before the king, he prostrated himself Ibefore the king with his face to the ground. 24 Then Nathan said, “My lord the king, have you said, ‘Adonijah shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne’? 25 aFor he has gone down today and has sacrificed oxen and fatlings and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the king’s sons and the commanders of the army and Abiathar the priest, and behold, they are eating and drinking before him; and they say, ‘b[Long] live King Adonijah!’ 26 aBut me, [even] me your servant, and Zadok the priest and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada and your servant Solomon, he has not invited. 27 Has this thing been done by my lord the king, and you have not shown to your Iservants who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?”

[23] ILit to
[25] a1K 1:9 b1S 10:24
[26] a1K 1:8, 10
[27] ISome mss read servant

28 ¶ Then King David said, “Call Bathsheba to me.” And she came into the king’s presence and stood before the king. 29 The king vowed and said, “aAs the LORD lives, who has redeemed my life from all distress, 30 surely as aI vowed to you by the LORD the God of Israel, saying, ‘Your son Solomon shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne in my place’; I will indeed do so this day.” 31 Then Bathsheba bowed with her face to the ground, and prostrated herself Ibefore the king and said, “aMay my lord King David live forever.”

[29] a2S 4:9
[30] a1K 1:13, 17
[31] ILit to aDn 2:4; 3:9

32 ¶ Then King David said, “Call to me aZadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada.” And they came into the king’s presence. 33 The king said to them, “Take with you athe servants of your lord, and have my son Solomon ride on my own mule, and bring him down to bGihon. 34 Let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet aanoint him there as king over Israel, and bblow the trumpet and say, ‘c[Long] live King Solomon!’ 35 Then you shall come up after him, and he shall come and sit on my throne and be king in my place; for I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and Judah.” 36 Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king and said, “Amen! Thus may the LORD, the God of my lord the king, say. 37 aAs the LORD has been with my lord the king, so may He be with Solomon, and bmake his throne greater than the throne of my lord King David!”

[32] a1K 1:8
[33] a2S 20:6, 7 b2Ch 32:30; 33:14
[34] a1S 10:1; 16:3, 12; 2S 5:3; 1K 19:16; 2K 9:3 b2S 15:10 c1K 1:25
[37] aJsh 1:5, 17; 1S 20:13 b1K 1:47

Solomon Anointed King

38 ¶ So aZadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, bthe Cherethites, and the Pelethites went down and had Solomon ride on King David’s mule, and brought him to cGihon. 39 Zadok the priest then atook the horn of oil from the tent and banointed Solomon. Then they cblew the trumpet, and all the people said, “d[Long] live King Solomon!” 40 All the people went up after him, and the people Iwere playing on flutes and rejoicing with great joy, so that the earth IIshook at their noise.

[38] a1K 1:8 b2S 8:18 c1K 1:33
[39] aEx 30:23-32; Ps 89:20 b1Ch 29:22 c1K 1:34 d1S 10:24
[40] ILit fluting IILit was split

41 ¶ Now Adonijah and all the guests who [were] with him heard [it] as they finished eating. When Joab heard the sound of the trumpet, he said, “Why Iis the city making such an uproar?” 42 While he was still speaking, behold, aJonathan the son of Abiathar the priest came. Then Adonijah said, “Come in, for byou are a valiant man and bring good news.” 43 But Jonathan replied to Adonijah, “No! Our lord King David has made Solomon king. 44 The king has also sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the Cherethites, and the Pelethites; and they have made him ride on the king’s mule. 45 Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon, and they have come up from there rejoicing, aso that the city is in an uproar. This is the noise which you have heard. 46 Besides, aSolomon has even taken his seat on the throne of the kingdom. 47 Moreover, the king’s servants came to bless our lord King David, saying, ‘May ayour God make the name of Solomon better than your name and his throne greater than your throne!’ And bthe king bowed himself on the bed. 48 The king has also said thus, ‘Blessed be the LORD, the God of Israel, who ahas granted one to sit on my throne today while my own eyes see [it].’”

[41] ILit is the sound of the city an uproar
[42] a2S 15:27, 36; 17:17 b2S 18:27
[45] a1K 1:40
[46] a1Ch 29:23
[47] a1K 1:37 bGn 47:31
[48] a2S 7:12; 1K 3:6

49 ¶ Then all the guests of Adonijah were terrified; and they arose and each went on his way. 50 And Adonijah was afraid of Solomon, and he arose, went and atook hold of the horns of the altar. 51 Now it was told Solomon, saying, “Behold, Adonijah is afraid of King Solomon, for behold, he has taken hold of the horns of the altar, saying, ‘Let King Solomon swear to me today that he will not put his servant to death with the sword.’” 52 Solomon said, “If he is a worthy man, anot one of his hairs will fall to the ground; but if wickedness is found in him, he will die.” 53 So King Solomon sent, and they brought him down from the altar. And he came and prostrated himself Ibefore King Solomon, and Solomon said to him, “Go to your house.”

[50] aEx 27:2; 30:10; 1K 2:28
[52] a1S 14:45; 2S 14:11; Ac 27:34
[53] ILit to


New American Standard Bible
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NAS Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible
with Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek Dictionaries
Copyright © 1981, 1998 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved.

Abishag cherisheth David in his extreme age.

1 ¶ Now king David was old [and] stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he gat no heat. 2 Wherefore his servants said unto him, Let there be sought for my lord the king a young virgin: and let her stand before the king, and let her cherish him, and let her lie in thy bosom, that my lord the king may get heat. 3 So they sought for a fair damsel throughout all the coasts of Israel, and found Abishag a Shunammite, and brought her to the king. 4 And the damsel [was] very fair, and cherished the king, and ministered to him: but the king knew her not.

[1] Gn 18:11; 24:1; Jsh 23:1; 2S 5:4; 1Ch 23:1; 29:27; Ps 90:10; Lk 1:7.
[2] Gn 16:5; Dt 10:8; 13:6; 1S 16:21; 2S 12:3; 2Ch 29:11; Ec 4:11; Mi 7:5.
[3] Jsh 19:18; 1S 28:4; 1K 2:17; 2K 4:8, 25; Es 2:2, 4.
[4] Mt 1:25.

Adonijah, David's darling, usurpeth the kingdom.

5 ¶ Then Adonijah the son of Haggith exalted himself, saying, I will be king: and he prepared him chariots and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him. 6 And his father had not displeased him at any time in saying, Why hast thou done so? and he also [was a] very goodly [man]; and [his mother] bare him after Absalom. 7 And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest: and they following Adonijah helped [him]. 8 But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men which [belonged] to David, were not with Adonijah. 9 And Adonijah slew sheep and oxen and fat cattle by the stone of Zoheleth, which [is] by Enrogel, and called all his brethren the king's sons, and all the men of Judah the king's servants: 10 But Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah, and the mighty men, and Solomon his brother, he called not.

[5] Ex 9:17; Dt 17:15, 16; Jg 9:2; 2S 3:4; 15:1; 1K 1:11; 2:24; 1Ch 3:2; 22:5; 28:5; 29:1; Pv 16:18; 18:12; Is 2:7; Lk 14:11; 18:14.
[6] 1S 3:13; 9:2; 10:23; 2S 3:3; 14:25; 1Ch 3:2; Pv 22:15; 23:13; 29:15; He 12:5.
[7] 1S 22:20; 2S 8:16; 15:12, 24, 35; 20:23, 25; 1K 2:22, 26, 28; Ps 2:2.
[8] 2S 7:2; 8:17; 12:1; 20:25; 23:8; 1K 2:35; 4:18; 1Ch 11:10; 27:5; Ezk 44:15; Zc 12:13.
[9] 2S 13:23; 15:11, 12; 17:17; Pv 15:8.
[10] 2S 12:1; 1K 1:8, 19.

By the counsel of Nathan,

11 ¶ Wherefore Nathan spake unto Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, saying, Hast thou not heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith doth reign, and David our lord knoweth [it] not? 12 Now therefore come, let me, I pray thee, give thee counsel, that thou mayest save thine own life, and the life of thy son Solomon. 13 Go and get thee in unto king David, and say unto him, Didst not thou, my lord, O king, swear unto thine handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? why then doth Adonijah reign? 14 Behold, while thou yet talkest there with the king, I also will come in after thee, and confirm thy words.

[11] 2S 3:4; 7:12; 12:24; 1K 1:5; 1Ch 22:9; 28:4; 29:1.
[12] Gn 19:17; Jg 9:5; 1K 1:21; 2K 11:1; 2Ch 21:4; 22:10; Pv 11:14; 20:18; 27:9; Jr 38:15; Mt 21:38; Ac 27:31.
[13] Dt 17:18; 1K 1:11, 17, 24, 30, 35, 48; 2:12; 1Ch 22:6; 29:23; Ps 132:11; Is 9:7; Jr 33:21; Lk 1:32.
[14] 1K 1:17; 2Co 13:1.

Bath-sheba moveth the king,

15 ¶ And Bathsheba went in unto the king into the chamber: and the king was very old; and Abishag the Shunammite ministered unto the king. 16 And Bathsheba bowed, and did obeisance unto the king. And the king said, What wouldest thou? 17 And she said unto him, My lord, thou swarest by the LORD thy God unto thine handmaid, [saying], Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne. 18 And now, behold, Adonijah reigneth; and now, my lord the king, thou knowest [it] not: 19 And he hath slain oxen and fat cattle and sheep in abundance, and hath called all the sons of the king, and Abiathar the priest, and Joab the captain of the host: but Solomon thy servant hath he not called. 20 And thou, my lord, O king, the eyes of all Israel [are] upon thee, that thou shouldest tell them who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him. 21 Otherwise it shall come to pass, when my lord the king shall sleep with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon shall be counted offenders.

[15] 1K 1:2.
[16] 1S 20:41; 24:8; 25:23; 1K 1:23; 2:20; Es 7:2; Mt 20:21, 32.
[17] Gn 18:12; 1K 1:13, 30; 1P 3:6.
[18] 2S 15:10; 1K 1:5, 11, 24, 27; Ac 3:17.
[19] 1K 1:7, 25.
[20] 2S 23:2; 1Ch 22:8; 28:5, 10; 29:1; 2Ch 20:12; Ps 25:15; 123:2; Zc 3:9.
[21] Gn 15:15; Dt 31:16; 1K 2:10, 15, 22.

and Nathan secondeth her.

22 ¶ And, lo, while she yet talked with the king, Nathan the prophet also came in. 23 And they told the king, saying, Behold Nathan the prophet. And when he was come in before the king, he bowed himself before the king with his face to the ground. 24 And Nathan said, My lord, O king, hast thou said, Adonijah shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? 25 For he is gone down this day, and hath slain oxen and fat cattle and sheep in abundance, and hath called all the king's sons, and the captains of the host, and Abiathar the priest; and, behold, they eat and drink before him, and say, God save king Adonijah. 26 But me, [even] me thy servant, and Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and thy servant Solomon, hath he not called. 27 Is this thing done by my lord the king, and thou hast not shewed [it] unto thy servant, who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?

[22] Gn 24:15; Jb 1:16; Dn 9:20.
[23] 1K 1:16; Ro 13:7; 1P 2:17.
[24] 1K 1:5, 13, 14, 17, 18.
[25] 1S 10:24; 11:14; 2S 16:16; 1K 1:9, 19, 34; 2K 11:12; 1Ch 29:21; 2Ch 23:11; Mt 21:9; Mk 11:9; Lk 19:38.
[26] 2S 7:2, 12; 12:25; 1K 1:8, 19.
[27] 1K 1:24; 2K 4:27; Jn 15:15.

David reneweth his oath to Bath-sheba.

28 ¶ Then king David answered and said, Call me Bathsheba. And she came into the king's presence, and stood before the king. 29 And the king sware, and said, [As] the LORD liveth, that hath redeemed my soul out of all distress, 30 Even as I sware unto thee by the LORD God of Israel, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne in my stead; even so will I certainly do this day. 31 Then Bathsheba bowed with [her] face to the earth, and did reverence to the king, and said, Let my lord king David live for ever.

[28] 1K 1:28.
[29] Gn 48:16; Jg 8:19; 1S 14:39, 45; 19:6; 20:21; 2S 4:9; 12:5; 1K 2:24; 17:1; 18:10; 2K 4:30; 5:16, 20; Ps 34:19; 72:14; 136:24; 138:7.
[30] 1K 1:13, 17.
[31] 2S 9:6; 1K 1:25; Ne 2:3; Es 3:2; Dn 2:4; 3:9; 5:10; 6:6, 21; Mt 21:37; Ep 5:33; He 12:9.

Solomon, by David's appointment, being anointed king by Zadok and Nathan, the people triumph.

32 ¶ And king David said, Call me Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada. And they came before the king. 33 The king also said unto them, Take with you the servants of your lord, and cause Solomon my son to ride upon mine own mule, and bring him down to Gihon: 34 And let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there king over Israel: and blow ye with the trumpet, and say, God save king Solomon. 35 Then ye shall come up after him, that he may come and sit upon my throne; for he shall be king in my stead: and I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and over Judah. 36 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king, and said, Amen: the LORD God of my lord the king say so [too]. 37 As the LORD hath been with my lord the king, even so be he with Solomon, and make his throne greater than the throne of my lord king David. 38 So Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, went down, and caused Solomon to ride upon king David's mule, and brought him to Gihon. 39 And Zadok the priest took an horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Solomon. And they blew the trumpet; and all the people said, God save king Solomon. 40 And all the people came up after him, and the people piped with pipes, and rejoiced with great joy, so that the earth rent with the sound of them.

[32] 1K 1:8, 26, 38.
[33] Gn 41:43; Lv 19:19; 2S 20:6; 1K 1:5, 38, 44, 45; 2Ch 32:30; Es 6:6.
[34] 1S 10:1; 16:3, 12; 2S 2:4; 5:3; 15:10; 1K 1:25; 19:16; 2K 9:3, 6, 13; 11:12, 14; 2Ch 23:11; Ps 45:7; 89:20, 36; 98:5; Is 45:1; Ac 10:38; 2Co 1:21.
[35] 1K 1:13, 17; 2:12, 15; 1Ch 23:1; 28:4; Ps 2:6; 72:1.
[36] Dt 27:15; 1S 25:29; 1Ch 17:27; Ps 18:2; 63:1; 72:19; 89:20, 26; Jr 11:5; 28:6; Mt 6:13; 28:20; 1Co 14:16.
[37] Ex 3:12; Jsh 1:5, 17; 1S 20:13; 2S 24:3; 1K 1:47; 3:7; 2K 2:9; 1Ch 28:20; 2Ch 1:1; Ps 46:7, 11; 72:8, 17; 89:27; Is 8:10; Dn 7:14; Mt 1:23; Ro 8:31.
[38] 1S 30:14; 2S 8:18; 15:18; 20:20; 1K 1:8, 26, 33; 1Ch 18:17; Zp 2:5.
[39] Ex 30:23; 1S 10:24; 16:13; 1K 1:25; 2K 11:12; 1Ch 29:22; 2Ch 23:11, 13; Ps 89:20.
[40] 1S 11:15; 2K 11:14, 20; 1Ch 12:38; Ps 97:1; Dn 3:5; Zc 9:9; Lk 19:37; Rv 11:15.

Jonathan bringing these news, Adonijah's guests flee.

41 ¶ And Adonijah and all the guests that [were] with him heard [it] as they had made an end of eating. And when Joab heard the sound of the trumpet, he said, Wherefore [is this] noise of the city being in an uproar? 42 And while he yet spake, behold, Jonathan the son of Abiathar the priest came: and Adonijah said unto him, Come in; for thou [art] a valiant man, and bringest good tidings. 43 And Jonathan answered and said to Adonijah, Verily our lord king David hath made Solomon king. 44 And the king hath sent with him Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, and they have caused him to ride upon the king's mule: 45 And Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon: and they are come up from thence rejoicing, so that the city rang again. This [is] the noise that ye have heard. 46 And also Solomon sitteth on the throne of the kingdom. 47 And moreover the king's servants came to bless our lord king David, saying, God make the name of Solomon better than thy name, and make his throne greater than thy throne. And the king bowed himself upon the bed. 48 And also thus said the king, Blessed [be] the LORD God of Israel, which hath given [one] to sit on my throne this day, mine eyes even seeing [it]. 49 And all the guests that [were] with Adonijah were afraid, and rose up, and went every man his way.

[41] Ex 32:17; Jb 15:21; 20:5; Ps 73:18; Pv 14:13; Ec 7:4; Mt 21:9, 15; 24:38; Lk 17:26; Ac 21:31.
[42] 2S 15:36; 17:17; 18:27; 1K 22:18; 2K 9:22; Is 57:21; 1Th 5:2.
[43] 1K 1:32.
[45] 1S 4:5; 28:14; 1K 1:40; 14:6; 2Ch 32:30; Ezr 3:13; Dn 5:26.
[46] 1K 1:13; 1Ch 29:23; Ps 132:11; Hg 2:22.
[47] Gn 47:31; Ex 12:32; 2S 8:10; 21:3; 1K 1:37; Ezr 6:10; Ps 20:1; Lk 19:38; He 11:21.
[48] Gn 14:20; 2S 24:3; 1K 3:6; 1Ch 17:11, 17; 29:10, 20; Ne 9:5; Ps 34:1; 41:13; 72:17; 103:1; 128:5; 132:11; 145:2; Pv 17:6; Dn 4:34; Lk 1:46, 68; Ep 1:3; 1P 1:3.
[49] Pv 28:1; Is 21:4; Dn 5:4.

Adonijah, fleeing to the horns of the altar, upon his good behaviour is dismissed by Solomon.

50 ¶ And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar. 51 And it was told Solomon, saying, Behold, Adonijah feareth king Solomon: for, lo, he hath caught hold on the horns of the altar, saying, Let king Solomon swear unto me to day that he will not slay his servant with the sword. 52 And Solomon said, If he will shew himself a worthy man, there shall not an hair of him fall to the earth: but if wickedness shall be found in him, he shall die. 53 So king Solomon sent, and they brought him down from the altar. And he came and bowed himself to king Solomon: and Solomon said unto him, Go to thine house.

[50] Ex 21:14; 38:2; 1K 2:28; Ps 118:27.
[52] 1S 14:45; 2S 14:11; 1