David King over All Israel
1 aThen all° the tribes° of Israel° came° to David° at Hebron° and Isaid°, “Behold°, we are byour bone° and your flesh°. 2 Previously°°°, when Saul° was king° over° us, ayou were the one who led° Israel° out and in. And the LORD° said° to you, ‘bYou will shepherd° My people° Israel°, and you will be ca ruler° over° Israel°.’” 3 So all° the elders° of Israel° came° to the king° at Hebron°, and King° David° amade° a covenant° with them before° the LORD° at Hebron°; then bthey anointed° David° king° over° Israel°. 4 David° was athirty° years° old° when he became° king°, [and] bhe reigned° forty° years°. 5 At Hebron° ahe reigned° over° Judah° seven° years° and six° months°, and in Jerusalem° he reigned° thirty-three°° years° over° all° Israel° and Judah°.
 ILit said, saying a1Ch 11:1-3 b2S 19:13
 a1S 18:5, 13, 16 bGn 49:24; 2S 7:7 c1S 25:30
 a2S 3:21 b1S 16:13; 2S 2:4
 aGn 41:46; Nu 4:3; Lk 3:23 b1K 2:11; 1Ch 26:31
 a2S 2:11; 1Ch 3:4; 29:27
6 ¶ aNow the king° and his men° went° to bJerusalem° against° the Jebusites°, the inhabitants° of the land°, and they said° to IDavid°, “You shall not come° in here°, but the blind° and lame° will turn° you away°”; IIthinking°, “David° cannot° enter° here°.” 7 Nevertheless, David° captured° the stronghold° of Zion°, that is athe city° of David°. 8 David° said° on that day°, “Whoever° would strike° the Jebusites°, let him reach° the lame° and the blind°, who are hated° by David’s° soul°, through the water° tunnel°.” Therefore°° they say°, “The blind° or the lame° shall not come° into the house°.” 9 So David° lived° in the stronghold° and called° it athe city° of David°. And David° built° all° around° from the IbMillo° and inward°. 10 aDavid° became° greater° and greater°, for the LORD° God° of hosts° was with him.
 ILit David, saying IILit saying a1Ch 11:4-9 bJsh 15:63; 18:28; Jg 1:21
 a2S 6:12, 16; 1K 2:10; 9:24
 II.e. citadel a2S 5:7 b1K 9:15, 24
 a2S 3:1
11 ¶ aThen Hiram° king° of Tyre° sent° messengers° to David° with cedar° trees° and carpenters°° and stonemasons°°; and bthey built° a house° for David°. 12 And David° realized° that the LORD° had established° him as king° over° Israel°, and that He had exalted° his kingdom° for the sake° of His people° Israel°.
13 ¶ Meanwhile aDavid° took° more° concubines° and wives° from Jerusalem°, after° he came° from Hebron°; and more° sons° and daughters° were born° to David°. 14 Now athese° are the names° of those who° were born° to him in Jerusalem°: Shammua°, Shobab°, Nathan°, Solomon°, 15 Ibhar°, Elishua°, Nepheg°, Japhia°, 16 Elishama°, Eliada° and Eliphelet°.
War with the Philistines
17 ¶ When the Philistines° heard° that they had anointed° David° king° over° Israel°, aall° the Philistines° went° up to seek° out David°; and when David° heard° [of it], he went° down° to the bstronghold°. 18 Now the Philistines° came° and spread° themselves out in athe valley° of Rephaim°. 19 Then aDavid° inquired° of the LORD°, saying°, “Shall I go° up against° the Philistines°? Will You give° them into my hand°?” And bthe LORD° said° to David°, “Go° up, for I will certainly° give° the Philistines° into your hand°.” 20 So David° came° to aBaal-perazim° and Idefeated° them there°; and he said°, “The LORD° has broken° through° my enemies° before° me like the breakthrough° of waters°.” Therefore°° he named°° that place° IIBaal-perazim°. 21 They abandoned° their idols° there°, so aDavid° and his men° carried° them away.
 a1S 29:1 b2S 23:14; 1Ch 11:16
 aGn 14:5; Jsh 15:8; 17:15; 18:16
 a1S 23:2 b2S 2:1
 ILit David smote III.e. the master of breakthrough a1Ch 14:11; Is 28:21
 a1Ch 14:12
22 ¶ Now athe Philistines° came° up once°° again° and spread° themselves out in the valley° of Rephaim°. 23 When aDavid° inquired° of the LORD°, He said°, “You shall not go° [directly] up; circle° around° behind° them and come° at them in front° of the Ibalsam° trees°. 24 It shall be, when ayou hear° the sound° of marching° in the tops° of the Ibalsam° trees°, then° you shall act° promptly°, for then° bthe LORD° will have gone° out before° you to strike° the army° of the Philistines°.” 25 Then David° did° so°, just° as the LORD° had commanded° him, and struck° down° the Philistines° from IaGeba° IIas far° as bGezer°.
 a2S 5:18
 IOr baka-shrubs a2S 5:19
 IOr baka-shrubs a2K 7:6 bJg 4:14
 IIn 1Ch 14:16, Gibeon IILit until you are coming to aIs 28:21 bJsh 12:12; 21:21
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The Tribes come to Hebron to anoint David over Israel.
1 ¶ Then cameºª all² the tribesº of Israelº to² Davidº unto Hebron,º and spake,ºª saying,ºª Behold,² we² [are] thy boneº and thy flesh.º 2 Also² in time past,ºº when Saulº was² kingº over² us, thou² wast² he that leddest outºª and broughtest²² in¹ª Israel:º and the LORDº saidºª to thee, Thou² shalt feedºª² my peopleº² Israel,º and thou² shalt be² a captainº over² Israel.º 3 So all² the eldersº of Israelº cameºª to² the kingº to Hebron;º and kingº Davidº madeºª a leagueº with them in Hebronº beforeº the LORD:º and they anointedºª² Davidº kingº over² Israel.º
 Gn 29:14; Dt 17:15; Jg 9:2; 2S 19:13; 1Ch 11:1; 12:23; Ep 5:30; He 2:14.
 Nu 27:17; 1S 9:16; 13:14; 16:1, 12; 18:13, 16; 25:28, 30; 2S 7:7; 2K 20:5; Ps 78:70; Is 40:11; 55:4; Ezk 34:23; 37:24; Mi 5:4; Mt 2:6; Jn 10:3, 11; He 2:10.
 Ex 3:16; Jg 11:11; 1S 11:15; 16:13; 23:18; 2S 2:4; 2K 11:17; 1Ch 11:3; 2Ch 23:16; Ne 9:38.
4 ¶ Davidº [was] thirtyº yearsº oldº when he began to reign,ºª [and] he reignedºª fortyº years.º 5 In Hebronº he reignedºª over² Judahº sevenº yearsº and sixº months:º and in Jerusalemº he reignedºª thirtyº and threeº yearsº over² all² Israelº and Judah.º
He taking Zion from the Jebusites dwelleth in it.
6 ¶ And the kingº and his men¹² went¹ª² to Jerusalemº unto² the Jebusites,º the inhabitantsºª of the land:º which spakeºª unto David,º saying,ºª Except²² thou take awayºª the blindº and the lame,º thou shalt not² come inºª hither:² thinking,ºª Davidº cannot² come inºª hither.² 7 Nevertheless Davidº tookºª² the strong holdº of Zion:º the same² [is] the cityº of David.º 8 And Davidº saidºª on that² day,º Whosoever² getteth upºª to the gutter,º and smitethºª the Jebusites,º and the lameº and the blind,º [that are] hatedºª of David'sº soul,º [he shall be chief and captain]. Wherefore²² they said,ºª The blindº and the lameº shall not² comeºª into² the house.º 9 So Davidº dweltºª in the fort,º and calledºª it the cityº of David.º And Davidº builtºª round aboutº from² Milloº and inward.º 10 And Davidº went¹ª on,ºª and grew great,º and the LORDº Godº of hostsº [was] with² him.
 Gn 14:18; Jsh 10:3; 15:63; 18:28; Jg 1:8, 21; 19:10; 2S 5:8; Jr 37:10; He 7:1.
 2S 5:9; 6:10; 1K 2:10; 3:1; 8:1; 1Ch 11:7; 2Ch 5:2; 24:16; Ps 2:6; 9:11; 48:12; 51:18; 87:2; 132:13; Is 12:6; 59:20; Mi 4:2; Ro 9:33; He 12:22; Rv 14:1.
 Jsh 15:16; 1S 17:25; 1Ch 11:6.
 Jg 9:6, 20; 2S 5:7; 1K 9:15, 24; 11:27; 1Ch 11:8; 2Ch 32:5.
 Gn 21:22; 2S 3:1; Jb 17:9; Ps 46:7, 11; Pv 4:18; Is 8:9; 9:7; Dn 2:44; Lk 2:52; Ro 8:31.
Hiram sendeth to David.
11 ¶ And Hiramº kingº of Tyreº sentºª messengersº to² David,º and cedarº trees,º and carpenters,º² and masons:º¹²² and they builtºª Davidº an house.º 12 And Davidº perceivedºª that² the LORDº had establishedºª him kingº over² Israel,º and that² he had exaltedºª his kingdomº for his peopleº Israel'sº sake.²
 2S 7:2; 1K 5:1, 8; 7:1; 1Ch 14:1; Ec 2:4; Jr 22:14.
 2S 7:16; 1K 10:9; 1Ch 14:2; 2Ch 2:11; Es 4:14; Is 1:25; Dn 2:30.
Eleven sons are born to him in Jerusalem.
13 ¶ And Davidº tookºª [him] more² concubinesº and wivesº out of Jerusalem,º² afterº he was comeºª from Hebron:º² and there were yet² sonsº and daughtersº bornºª to David.º 14 And these² [be] the namesº of those that were bornº unto him in Jerusalem;º Shammua,º and Shobab,º and Nathan,º and Solomon,º 15 Ibharº also, and Elishua,º and Nepheg,º and Japhia,º 16 And Elishama,º and Eliada,º and Eliphalet.º
 Gn 25:5; Dt 17:17; 1Ch 3:9; 14:3; 2Ch 11:18; 13:21.
 2S 12:1, 24; 1Ch 3:5; 14:4; Mt 1:6; Lk 2:31.
 1Ch 3:6; 14:5.
 1Ch 3:8; 14:7.
David directed by God smiteth the Philistines at Baal-perazim,
17 ¶ But when the Philistinesº heardºª that² they had anointedºª² Davidº kingº over² Israel,º all² the Philistinesº came upºª to seekºª² David;º and Davidº heardºª [of it], and went downºª to² the hold.º 18 The Philistinesº also cameºª and spread¹ª themselves² in the valleyº of Rephaim.º 19 And Davidº enquiredºª of the LORD,º saying,ºª Shall I go upºª to² the Philistines?º wilt thou deliverºª them into mine hand?º And the LORDº saidºª unto² David,º Go up:ºª for² I will doubtless¹ª deliverºª² the Philistinesº into thine hand.º 20 And Davidº cameºª to Baalperazim,º and Davidº smoteºª them there,² and said,ºª The LORDº hath broken forth¹ª upon²² mine enemiesºª beforeº me, as the breachº of waters.º Therefore²² he calledºª the nameº of that² placeº Baalperazim.º 21 And there² they leftºª² their images,º and Davidº and his men¹² burnedºª them.
 2S 23:14; 1Ch 11:16; 14:8; Ps 2:1; Rv 11:15.
 Gn 14:5; Jsh 15:8; 2S 23:13; 1Ch 11:15; Is 17:5.
 Jg 20:28; 1S 23:2, 4; 28:6; 30:7, 8; 2S 2:1; 5:23; 1K 22:6, 15; Pv 3:6; Jm 4:15.
 Is 28:21.
 Dt 7:5, 25; 1S 5:2; 1Ch 14:11; Is 37:19; 46:1; Jr 43:12.
and again at the mulberry trees.
22 ¶ And the Philistinesº came upºª yet² again,ºª and spread¹ª themselves² in the valleyº of Rephaim.º 23 And when Davidº enquiredºª of the LORD,º he said,ºª Thou shalt not² go up;ºª [but] fetch a compassºª² behindº them, and comeºª upon them over againstº² the mulberry trees.º 24 And let it be,² when thou hearestºª² the soundº of a goingº in the topsº of the mulberry trees,º that then² thou shalt bestirºª thyself: for² then² shall the LORDº go outºª beforeº thee, to smiteºª the hostº of the Philistines.º 25 And Davidº did² so,¹ª² as² the LORDº had commandedºª him; and smoteºª² the Philistinesº from Gebaº² until thou comeºª to Gazer.º
 1K 20:22; 1Ch 14:13.
 Jsh 8:2, 7; 2S 5:19; 1Ch 14:14; Mt 8:23; 9:29; Jn 9:6.
 Jg 4:14; 7:15; 1S 14:9; 2K 7:6; 1Ch 14:15; Php 2:11.
 Jsh 16:10; 1Ch 14:16.
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