NASB — Mark 4 — KJV

Parable of the Sower and Soils

1 aHe began to teach again bby the sea. And such a very large crowd gathered to Him that cHe got into a boat in the sea and sat down; and the whole crowd was by the sea on the land. 2 And He was teaching them many things in aparables, and was saying to them in His teaching, 3 “Listen [to this]! Behold, the sower went out to sow; 4 as he was sowing, some [seed] fell beside the road, and the birds came and ate it up. 5 Other [seed] fell on the rocky [ground] where it did not have much soil; and immediately it sprang up because it had no depth of soil. 6 And after the sun had risen, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away. 7 Other [seed] fell among the thorns, and the thorns came up and choked it, and it yielded no crop. 8 Other [seeds] fell into the good soil, and as they grew up and increased, they yielded a crop and produced thirty, sixty, and a hundredfold.” 9 And He was saying, aHe who has ears to hear, Ilet him hear.”

[1] aMk 4:1-12: Mt 13:1-15; Lk 8:4-10 bMk 2:13; 3:7 cLk 5:1-3
[2] aMt 13:3ff; Mk 3:23; 4:2ff
[9] IOr hear!; or listen! aMt 11:15; Mk 4:23; Rv 2:7, 11, 17, 29

10 ¶ As soon as He was alone, IHis followers, along with the twelve, [began] asking Him [about] the parables. 11 And He was saying to them, “To you has been given the mystery of the kingdom of God, but athose who are outside get everything bin parables, 12 so that aWHILE SEEING, THEY MAY SEE AND NOT PERCEIVE, AND WHILE HEARING, THEY MAY HEAR AND NOT UNDERSTAND, OTHERWISE THEY MIGHT RETURN AND BE FORGIVEN.”

[10] ILit those about Him
[11] a1Co 5:12f; Col 4:5; 1Th 4:12; 1Ti 3:7 bMk 3:23; 4:2
[12] aIs 6:9f; 43:8; Jr 5:21; Ezk 12:2; Mt 13:14; Lk 8:10; Jn 12:40; Ro 11:8

Explanation

13aAnd He *said to them, “Do you not understand this parable? How will you understand all the parables? 14 The sower sows the word. 15 These are the ones who are beside the road where the word is sown; and when they hear, immediately aSatan comes and takes away the word which has been sown in them. 16 In a similar way these are the ones on whom seed was sown on the rocky [places], who, when they hear the word, immediately receive it with joy; 17 and they have no [firm] root in themselves, but are [only] temporary; then, when affliction or persecution arises because of the word, immediately they Ifall away. 18 And others are the ones on whom seed was sown among the thorns; these are the ones who have heard the word, 19 but the worries of athe Iworld, and the bdeceitfulness of riches, and the desires for other things enter in and choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful. 20 And those are the ones on whom seed was sown on the good soil; and they hear the word and accept it and abear fruit, thirty, sixty, and a hundredfold.”

[13] aMk 4:13-20: Mt 13:18-23; Lk 8:11-15
[15] aMt 4:10f; 1P 5:8; Rv 20:2, 3, 7-10
[17] ILit are caused to stumble
[19] IOr age aMt 13:22; Ro 12:2; Ep 2:2; 6:12 bPv 23:4; 1Ti 6:9, 10, 17
[20] aJn 15:2ff; Ro 7:4

21 ¶ And He was saying to them, aA lamp is not brought to be put under a Ibasket, is it, or under a bed? Is it not [brought] to be put on the lampstand? 22 aFor nothing is hidden, except to be revealed; nor has [anything] been secret, but that it would come to light. 23 aIf anyone has ears to hear, let him hear.” 24 And He was saying to them, “Take care what you listen to. IaBy your standard of measure it will be measured to you; and more will be given you besides. 25 aFor whoever has, to him [more] shall be given; and whoever does not have, even what he has shall be taken away from him.”

[21] IOr peck-measure aMt 5:15; Lk 8:16; 11:33
[22] aMt 10:26; Lk 8:17; 12:2
[23] aMt 11:15; 13:9, 43; Mk 4:9; Lk 8:8; 14:35; Rv 3:6, 13, 22; 13:9
[24] ILit By what measure you measure aMt 7:2; Lk 6:38
[25] aMt 13:12; 25:29; Lk 8:18; 19:26

Parable of the Seed

26 ¶ And He was saying, “The kingdom of God is like a man who casts seed upon the soil; 27 and he goes to bed at night and gets up by day, and the seed sprouts and grows—how, he himself does not know. 28 The soil produces crops by itself; first the blade, then the head, then the mature grain in the head. 29 But when the crop permits, he immediately Iaputs in the sickle, because the harvest has come.”

[29] ILit sends forth aJol 3:13

Parable of the Mustard Seed

30aAnd He said, “How shall we Ibpicture the kingdom of God, or by what parable shall we present it? 31 [It is] like a mustard seed, which, when sown upon the soil, though it is smaller than all the seeds that are upon the soil, 32 yet when it is sown, it grows up and becomes larger than all the garden plants and forms large branches; so that aTHE BIRDS OF THE IAIR can NEST UNDER ITS SHADE.”

[30] ILit compare aMk 4:30-32: Mt 13:31, 32; Lk 13:18, 19 bMt 13:24
[32] IOr sky aEzk 17:23; Ps 104:12; Ezk 31:6; Dn 4:12

33 ¶ With many such parables He was speaking the word to them, so far as they were able to hear it; 34 and He did not speak to them awithout a parable; but He was bexplaining everything privately to His own disciples.

[34] aMt 13:34; Jn 10:6; 16:25 bLk 24:27

Jesus Stills the Sea

35aOn that day, when evening came, He *said to them, “Let us go over to the other side.” 36 ILeaving the crowd, they *took Him along with them ain the boat, just as He was; and other boats were with Him. 37 And there *arose a fierce gale of wind, and the waves were breaking over the boat so much that the boat was already filling up. 38 Jesus Himself was in the stern, asleep on the cushion; and they *woke Him and *said to Him, “Teacher, do You not care that we are perishing?” 39 And He got up and arebuked the wind and said to the sea, “Hush, be still.” And the wind died down and Iit became perfectly calm. 40 And He said to them, “Why are you Iafraid? aDo you still have no faith?” 41 They became very much afraid and said to one another, “Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey Him?”

[35] aMk 4:35-41: Mt 8:18, 23-27; Lk 8:22, 25
[36] IOr Sending away aMk 3:9; 4:1; 5:2, 21
[39] ILit a great calm occurred aPs 65:7; 89:9; 107:29; Mt 8:26; Lk 8:24
[40] IOr cowardly aMt 14:31; Lk 8:25


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The parable of the sower,

1 ¶ And he began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so that he entered into a ship, and sat in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land. 2 And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine, 3 Hearken; Behold, there went out a sower to sow: 4 And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up. 5 And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth: 6 But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away. 7 And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit. 8 And other fell on good ground, and did yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some sixty, and some an hundred. 9 And he said unto them, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. 10 And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable. 11 And he said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all [these] things are done in parables: 12 That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and [their] sins should be forgiven them. 13 And he said unto them, Know ye not this parable? and how then will ye know all parables?

[1] Mt 13:1, 2; Mk 2:13; Lk 5:1; 8:4.
[2] Ps 49:4; 78:2; Mt 7:28; 13:3, 10, 34; Mk 3:23; 4:11, 34; 12:38; Jn 7:16; 18:19.
[3] Dt 4:1; Ps 34:11; 45:10; Pv 7:24; 8:32; Ec 11:6; Is 28:23; 46:3, 12; 55:1; Mt 13:3, 24, 26; Mk 4:9, 14, 23, 26; 7:14, 16; Lk 8:5; Jn 4:35; Ac 2:14; 1Co 3:6; He 2:1; Jm 2:5; Rv 2:7, 11, 29.
[4] Gn 15:11; Mt 13:4, 19; Mk 4:15; Lk 8:5, 12.
[5] Ezk 11:19; 36:26; Ho 10:12; Am 6:12; Mt 13:5, 20; Mk 4:16; Lk 8:6, 13.
[6] Ps 1:3; 92:13; So 1:6; Is 25:4; Jr 17:5; Jna 4:8; Ep 3:17; Col 2:7; 2Th 2:10; Jm 1:11; Jde 1:12; Rv 7:16.
[7] Gn 3:17; Jr 4:3; Mt 13:7, 22; Mk 4:18; Lk 8:7, 14; 12:15; 21:34; 1Ti 6:9; 1Jn 2:15.
[8] Gn 26:12; Is 58:1; Jr 23:29; Mt 13:8, 23; Mk 4:20; Lk 8:8, 15; Jn 1:12; 3:19; 7:17; 15:5; Ac 17:11; Php 1:11; Col 1:6; He 4:1; Jm 1:19; 1P 2:1.
[9] Mt 11:15; 13:9; 15:10; Mk 4:3, 23; 7:14, 16; Lk 8:18; Rv 3:6, 13, 22.
[10] Pv 13:20; Mt 13:10, 36; Mk 4:34; 7:17; Lk 8:9.
[11] Mt 11:25; 13:11, 13, 16; 16:17; Lk 8:10; 10:21; 1Co 4:7; 5:12; 2Co 4:6; Ep 1:9; 2:4; Col 4:5; 1Th 4:12; 1Ti 3:7; Tit 3:3; Jm 1:16; 1Jn 5:20.
[12] Dt 29:4; Is 6:9; 44:18; Jr 5:21; 31:18; Ezk 18:27; Mt 13:14; Lk 8:10; Jn 12:37; Ac 3:19; 28:25; Ro 11:8; 2Ti 2:25; He 6:6.
[13] Mt 13:51; 15:15; 16:8; Mk 7:17; Lk 24:25; 1Co 3:1; He 5:11; Rv 3:19.

and the meaning thereof.

14The sower soweth the word. 15 And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh away the word that was sown in their hearts. 16 And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness; 17 And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended. 18 And these are they which are sown among thorns; such as hear the word, 19 And the cares of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful. 20 And these are they which are sown on good ground; such as hear the word, and receive [it], and bring forth fruit, some thirtyfold, some sixty, and some an hundred.

[14] Is 32:20; Mt 13:19, 37; Mk 2:2; 4:3; Lk 8:11; Col 1:5; 1P 1:23.
[15] Gn 19:14; Jb 1:6; Is 53:1; Zc 3:1; Mt 13:19; 22:5; Mk 4:4; Lk 8:12; 14:18; Ac 5:3; 17:18, 32; 18:14; 25:19; 26:31; 2Co 2:11; 4:3; 2Th 2:9; He 2:1; 12:16; 1P 5:8; Rv 12:9; 20:2, 7, 10.
[16] Ezk 33:31; Mt 8:19; 13:20; Mk 6:20; 10:17; Lk 8:13; Jn 5:35; Ac 8:13, 18; 24:25; 26:28.
[17] Jb 19:28; 27:8; Mt 11:6; 12:31; 13:21; 24:9; Mk 4:5; Lk 12:10; Jn 8:31; 15:2; 1Co 10:12; Ga 6:12; 1Th 3:3; 2Ti 1:15; 2:17; 4:10, 16; He 10:29; 1Jn 2:19; Rv 2:10, 13.
[18] Jr 4:3; Mt 13:22; Mk 4:7; Lk 8:14.
[19] Pv 23:5; Ec 4:8; 5:10; Is 5:2, 4; Mt 3:10; Lk 10:41; 12:17, 29; 14:18; 21:34; Jn 15:2; Php 4:6; 1Ti 6:9, 17; 2Ti 4:10; He 6:7; 1P 4:2; 2P 1:8; 1Jn 2:15; Jde 1:12.
[20] Gn 26:12; Mt 13:23; Mk 4:8; Lk 8:15; Jn 15:4; Ro 7:4; Ga 5:22; Php 1:11; Col 1:10; 1Th 4:1; 2P 1:8.

We must communicate the light of our knowledge to others.

21 ¶ And he said unto them, Is a candle brought to be put under a bushel, or under a bed? and not to be set on a candlestick? 22 For there is nothing hid, which shall not be manifested; neither was any thing kept secret, but that it should come abroad. 23 If any man have ears to hear, let him hear. 24 And he said unto them, Take heed what ye hear: with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you: and unto you that hear shall more be given. 25 For he that hath, to him shall be given: and he that hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he hath.

[21] Is 60:1; Mt 5:15; Lk 8:16; 11:33; 1Co 12:7; Ep 5:3; Php 2:15.
[22] Ps 40:9; 78:2; Ec 12:14; Mt 10:26; Lk 8:17; 12:2; Ac 4:20; 20:27; 1Co 4:5; 1Jn 1:1.
[23] Mt 11:15; Mk 4:9; Rv 2:7, 11, 17, 29.
[24] Pv 19:27; Is 55:3; Mt 7:2; Mk 9:7; Lk 6:37; 8:18; Jn 5:25; 10:16, 27; Ac 17:11; 2Co 9:6; He 2:1; 1P 2:2; 2P 2:1; 1Jn 4:1.
[25] Mt 13:12; 25:28; Lk 8:18; 16:9; 19:24; Jn 15:2.

The parable of the seed growing secretly,

26 ¶ And he said, So is the kingdom of God, as if a man should cast seed into the ground; 27 And should sleep, and rise night and day, and the seed should spring and grow up, he knoweth not how. 28 For the earth bringeth forth fruit of herself; first the blade, then the ear, after that the full corn in the ear. 29 But when the fruit is brought forth, immediately he putteth in the sickle, because the harvest is come.

[26] Pv 11:18; Ec 11:4, 6; Is 28:24; 32:20; Mt 3:2; 4:17; 13:3, 11, 24, 31, 33; Mk 4:3, 14; Lk 8:5, 11; 13:18; Jn 4:36; 12:24; 1Co 3:6; Jm 3:18; 1P 1:23.
[27] Ec 8:17; 11:5; Jn 3:7; 1Co 15:37; 2Th 1:3; 2P 3:18.
[28] Gn 1:11; 2:4, 9; 4:11; Ps 1:3; 92:13; Pv 4:18; Ec 3:1, 11; Is 61:11; Ho 6:3; Mt 13:26; Mk 4:31; Php 1:6, 9; Col 1:10; 1Th 3:12.
[29] Jb 5:26; Is 57:1; Jol 3:13; Mt 13:30, 40; 2Ti 4:7; Rv 14:13.

and of the mustard seed.

30 ¶ And he said, Whereunto shall we liken the kingdom of God? or with what comparison shall we compare it? 31 [It is] like a grain of mustard seed, which, when it is sown in the earth, is less than all the seeds that be in the earth: 32 But when it is sown, it groweth up, and becometh greater than all herbs, and shooteth out great branches; so that the fowls of the air may lodge under the shadow of it. 33 And with many such parables spake he the word unto them, as they were able to hear [it]. 34 But without a parable spake he not unto them: and when they were alone, he expounded all things to his disciples.

[30] Lm 2:13; Mt 11:16; Lk 13:18, 20.
[31] Gn 22:17; Ps 72:16; Is 2:2; 9:7; 49:6; 53:2, 12; 54:1; 60:22; Ezk 17:22; Dn 2:34, 44; Am 9:11; Mi 4:1; Zc 2:11; 8:20; 12:8; 14:6; Mal 1:11; Mt 13:31; Lk 13:18; Ac 2:41; 4:4; 5:14; 19:20; 21:20; Rv 11:15; 20:1.
[32] Ps 80:9; 91:1; Pv 4:18; So 2:3; Is 11:9; 32:2; Lm 4:20; Ezk 31:3; Dn 4:10, 20.
[33] Mt 13:34; Jn 16:12; 1Co 3:1; He 5:11.
[34] Mt 13:36; 15:15; Mk 4:10; 7:17; Lk 8:9; 24:27, 44.

Christ stilleth the tempest on the sea.

35 And the same day, when the even was come, he saith unto them, Let us pass over unto the other side. 36 And when they had sent away the multitude, they took him even as he was in the ship. And there were also with him other little ships. 37 And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that it was now full. 38 And he was in the hinder part of the ship, asleep on a pillow: and they awake him, and say unto him, Master, carest thou not that we perish? 39 And he arose, and rebuked the wind, and said unto the sea, Peace, be still. And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm. 40 And he said unto them, Why are ye so fearful? how is it that ye have no faith? 41 And they feared exceedingly, and said one to another, What manner of man is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?

[35] Mt 8:18, 23; 14:22; Mk 5:21; 6:45; 8:13; Lk 8:22; Jn 6:1, 17, 25.
[36] Mk 3:9; 4:1.
[37] Jb 1:12, 19; Ps 107:23; Jna 1:4; Mt 8:23; Lk 8:22; Ac 27:14, 41; 2Co 11:25.
[38] 1K 18:27; Jb 8:5; Ps 10:1; 22:1; 44:23; 77:7; Is 40:27; 49:14; 51:9; 54:6; 63:15; 64:12; Lm 3:8; Mt 8:25; Lk 8:24; Jn 4:6; He 2:17; 4:15; 1P 5:7.
[39] Ex 14:16, 22, 28; Jb 38:11; Ps 29:10; 89:9; 93:3; 104:7; 107:29; 148:8; Pv 8:29; Jr 5:22; Lm 3:31; Na 1:4; Mk 9:25; Lk 4:39.
[40] Ps 46:1; Is 42:3; 43:2; Mt 6:30; 8:26; 14:31; 16:8; Lk 8:25; Jn 6:19.
[41] 1S 12:18, 24; Jb 38:11; Ps 89:7; Jna 1:9, 15; Mal 2:5; Mt 8:27; 14:32; Mk 5:33; 7:37; Lk 4:36; 8:25; He 12:28; Rv 15:4.


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