NASB — 2 Kings 17 — KJV

Hoshea Reigns over Israel

1 In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah, aHoshea the son of Elah became king over Israel in Samaria, [and reigned] nine years. 2 He did evil in the sight of the LORD, only not as the kings of Israel who were before him. 3 aShalmaneser king of Assyria came up bagainst him, and Hoshea became his servant and paid him tribute. 4 But the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea, who had sent messengers to So king of Egypt and had offered no tribute to the king of Assyria, as [he had done] year by year; so the king of Assyria shut him up and bound him in prison.

[1] a2K 15:30
[3] aHo 10:14 b2K 18:9-12

5 ¶ Then the king of Assyria invaded the whole land and went up to aSamaria and besieged it three years.

[5] aHo 13:16

Israel Captive

6 In the ninth year of Hoshea, athe king of Assyria captured Samaria and bcarried Israel away into exile to Assyria, and csettled them in Halah and Habor, [on] the river of dGozan, and ein the cities of the Medes.

[6] aHo 13:16 bDt 28:64; 29:27, 28 c2K 18:11; 1Ch 5:26 dIs 37:12 eIs 13:17; 21:2

Why Israel Fell

7 ¶ Now a[this] came about because the sons of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, bwho had brought them up from the land of Egypt from under the hand of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, cand they had Ifeared other gods 8 and awalked in the Icustoms of the nations whom the LORD had driven out before the sons of Israel, and [in the customs] bof the kings of Israel which they had IIintroduced. 9 The sons of Israel Idid things secretly which were not right against the LORD their God. Moreover, they built for themselves high places in all their towns, from awatchtower to fortified city. 10 aThey set for themselves [sacred] pillars and IbAsherim on every high hill and under every green tree, 11 and there they burned incense on all the high places as the nations [did] which the LORD had carried away to exile before them; and they did evil things provoking the LORD. 12 They served idols, aconcerning which the LORD had said to them, “You shall not do this thing.” 13 Yet the aLORD warned Israel and Judah bthrough all His prophets [and] cevery seer, saying, “dTurn from your evil ways and keep My commandments, My statutes according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you through My servants the prophets.” 14 However, they did not listen, but astiffened their neck Ilike their fathers, who did not believe in the LORD their God. 15 aThey rejected His statutes and bHis covenant which He made with their fathers and His warnings with which He warned them. And cthey followed vanity and dbecame vain, and [went] after the nations which surrounded them, concerning which the eLORD had commanded them not to do like them. 16 They forsook all the commandments of the LORD their God and made for themselves molten images, [even] atwo calves, and bmade an IAsherah and cworshiped all the host of heaven and dserved Baal. 17 Then athey made their sons and their daughters pass through the fire, and bpracticed divination and enchantments, and csold themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, provoking Him. 18 So the LORD was very angry with Israel and aremoved them from His Isight; bnone was left except the tribe of Judah.

[7] ILit revered, and so throughout the ch aJsh 23:16 bEx 14:15-30 cJg 6:10
[8] ILit statutes IILit made aLv 18:3; Dt 18:9 b2K 16:3; 17:19
[9] IOr uttered words which a2K 18:8
[10] II.e. wooden symbols of a female deity aEx 34:12-14 b1K 14:23; Mi 5:14
[12] aEx 20:4
[13] aNe 9:29, 30 b2K 17:23 c1S 9:9 dJr 7:3-7; 18:11; Ezk 18:31
[14] ILit like the neck of aEx 32:9; 33:3; Ac 7:51
[15] aJr 8:9 bEx 24:6-8; Dt 29:25 cDt 32:21 dJr 2:5; Ro 1:21-23 eDt 12:30, 31
[16] II.e. a wooden symbol of a female deity a1K 12:28 b1K 14:15, 23 cDt 4:19; 2K 21:3 d1K 16:31
[17] a2K 16:3 bLv 19:26; Dt 18:10-12 c1K 21:20
[18] ILit face a2K 17:6 b1K 11:13, 32, 36

19 ¶ Also aJudah did not keep the commandments of the LORD their God, but bwalked in the Icustoms IIwhich Israel had IIIintroduced. 20 The LORD rejected all the Idescendants of Israel and afflicted them and agave them into the hand of plunderers, until He had cast them IIout of His sight.

[19] ILit statutes IILit of Israel which they IIILit made a1K 14:22, 23 b2K 16:3
[20] ILit seed IILit from His face a2K 15:29

21 ¶ When aHe had torn Israel from the house of David, bthey made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king. Then cJeroboam drove Israel away from following the LORD and made them Icommit a great sin. 22 The sons of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did; they did not depart from them 23 auntil the LORD removed Israel from His sight, bas He spoke through all His servants the prophets. aSo Israel was carried away into exile from their own land to Assyria until this day.

[21] ILit sin a1K 11:11, 31 b1K 12:20 c1K 12:28-33
[23] a2K 17:6 b2K 17:13

Cities of Israel Filled with Strangers

24aThe king of Assyria brought [men] from Babylon and from Cuthah and from IbAvva and from cHamath and Sepharvaim, and settled [them] in the cities of Samaria in place of the sons of Israel. So they possessed Samaria and lived in its cities. 25 At the beginning of their living there, they adid not fear the LORD; therefore the LORD sent lions among them which killed some of them. 26 So they spoke to the king of Assyria, saying, “The nations whom you have carried away into exile in the cities of Samaria do not know the custom of the god of the land; so he has sent lions among them, and behold, they kill them because they do not know the custom of the god of the land.”

[24] IIn 2K 18:34, Ivvah aEzr 4:2, 10 b2K 18:34 c1K 8:65
[25] a2K 17:32-41

27 ¶ Then the king of Assyria commanded, saying, “Take there one of the priests whom you carried away into Iexile and let IIhim go and live there; and let him teach them the custom of the god of the land.” 28 So one of the priests whom they had carried away into exile from Samaria came and lived at Bethel, and taught them how they should fear the LORD.

[27] ILit exile from there IILit them

29 ¶ But every nation still made gods of its own and put them ain the houses of the high places which the people of Samaria had made, every nation in their cities in which they lived. 30 aThe men of Babylon made Succoth-benoth, the men of Cuth made Nergal, the men of Hamath made Ashima, 31 and the Avvites made Nibhaz and Tartak; and athe Sepharvites burned their children in the fire to bAdrammelech and Anammelech the gods of cSepharvaim. 32 aThey also feared the LORD and Ibappointed from among themselves priests of the high places, who acted for them in the houses of the high places. 33 They feared the LORD and served their own gods according to the custom of the nations from among whom they had been carried away into exile.

[29] a1K 12:31; 13:32
[30] a2K 17:24
[31] a2K 17:17 b2K 19:37 c2K 17:24
[32] ILit made for themselves from among aZp 1:5 b1K 12:31

34 ¶ To this day they do according to the earlier customs: they do not fear the LORD, nor do they Ifollow their statutes or their ordinances or the law, or the commandments which the LORD commanded the sons of Jacob, awhom He named Israel; 35 with whom the LORD made a covenant and commanded them, saying, “aYou shall not fear other gods, nor bbow down yourselves to them nor cserve them nor sacrifice to them. 36 But the LORD, awho brought you up from the land of Egypt with great power and with ban outstretched arm, cHim you shall fear, and to Him you shall bow yourselves down, and to Him you shall sacrifice. 37 The statutes and the ordinances and the law and the commandment which He wrote for you, ayou shall observe to do forever; and you shall not fear other gods. 38 The covenant that I have made with you, ayou shall not forget, nor shall you fear other gods. 39 But the LORD your God you shall fear; and He will deliver you from the hand of all your enemies.” 40 However, they did not listen, but they did according to their earlier custom. 41 aSo while these nations feared the LORD, they also served their Iidols; their children likewise and their grandchildren, as their fathers did, so they do to this day.

[34] ILit do according to aGn 32:28; 35:10
[35] aJg 6:10 bEx 20:5 cDt 5:9
[36] aEx 14:15-30 bEx 6:6; 9:15 cLv 19:32; Dt 6:13
[37] aDt 5:32
[38] aDt 4:23; 6:12
[41] IOr graven images aZp 1:5; Mt 6:24


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Hoshea his wicked reign.

1 ¶ In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years. 2 And he did [that which was] evil in the sight of the LORD, but not as the kings of Israel that were before him.

[1] 2K 15:30; 17:1; 18:9.
[2] 2K 3:2; 10:31; 13:2, 11; 15:9, 18, 24; 2Ch 30:5.

Being subdued by Shalmaneser, he conspireth against him with So king of Egypt.

3 ¶ Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents. 4 And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as [he had done] year by year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison.

[3] 2S 8:2, 6; 2K 15:19, 29; 16:7, 8; 18:9, 13, 14, 31; 19:36; Is 7:7; 10:5, 11; Ho 10:14.
[4] 2K 18:14, 21; 24:1, 20; 25:7; 2Ch 32:11; Ps 149:7; Is 30:1; 31:1; Ezk 17:13, 15.

Samaria for their sins is captivated.

5 ¶ Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years.

[5] 2K 18:9; 25:1; Jr 52:4.

6 ¶ In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor [by] the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes. 7 For [so] it was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, which had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and had feared other gods, 8 And walked in the statutes of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, which they had made. 9 And the children of Israel did secretly [those] things that [were] not right against the LORD their God, and they built them high places in all their cities, from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city. 10 And they set them up images and groves in every high hill, and under every green tree: 11 And there they burnt incense in all the high places, as [did] the heathen whom the LORD carried away before them; and wrought wicked things to provoke the LORD to anger: 12 For they served idols, whereof the LORD had said unto them, Ye shall not do this thing. 13 Yet the LORD testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, [and by] all the seers, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments [and] my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets. 14 Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the LORD their God. 15 And they rejected his statutes, and his covenant that he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against them; and they followed vanity, and became vain, and went after the heathen that [were] round about them, [concerning] whom the LORD had charged them, that they should not do like them. 16 And they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, and made them molten images, [even] two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal. 17 And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger. 18 Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only. 19 Also Judah kept not the commandments of the LORD their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made. 20 And the LORD rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of spoilers, until he had cast them out of his sight. 21 For he rent Israel from the house of David; and they made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king: and Jeroboam drave Israel from following the LORD, and made them sin a great sin. 22 For the children of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did; they departed not from them; 23 Until the LORD removed Israel out of his sight, as he had said by all his servants the prophets. So was Israel carried away out of their own land to Assyria unto this day.

[6] Lv 26:32, 38; Dt 4:25; 28:36, 64; 29:27; 30:18; 1K 14:15; 2K 18:10; 19:12; 1Ch 5:26; Is 13:17; 21:2; 37:12; Dn 5:28; Ho 1:6, 9; 13:16; Am 5:27.
[7] Ex 20:2; Dt 31:16, 29; 32:15; Jsh 23:16; Jg 2:14; 1K 11:4; 15:3; 2K 16:2; 17:35; 2Ch 36:5, 14; Ne 9:26; Ps 106:35; Jr 10:5; Ezk 23:2; Ho 4:1; 8:5.
[8] Lv 18:3, 27; Dt 12:30; 18:9; 1K 12:28; 16:31; 21:26; 2K 16:3, 10; 21:2; Ps 106:35; Jr 10:2; Ho 5:11; Mi 6:16.
[9] Dt 13:6; 27:15; 2K 18:8; Jb 31:27; Ezk 8:12; Ho 12:11.
[10] Ex 34:13; Lv 26:1; Dt 12:2; 16:21; 1K 14:23; 2K 16:4; Is 57:5; Mi 5:14.
[11] 1K 13:1; 2K 21:6; 2Ch 28:25; Ps 78:56; Jr 44:17.
[12] Ex 20:3; 34:14; Lv 26:1; Dt 4:15, 19, 23; 5:7; 12:4.
[13] Dt 4:26; 8:19; 31:21; Jsh 23:16; Jg 6:10; 10:11; 1S 9:9; 12:7; 1Ch 29:29; 2Ch 36:15; Ne 9:29; Ps 50:7; 81:8; Is 1:5, 16, 21; 55:6; Jr 3:8; 5:29; 7:3, 22; 18:11; 25:4; 26:4; 35:15; 42:19; Ezk 18:31; Ho 4:15; 14:1; Zc 1:3; Ac 20:21; 2P 3:9.
[14] Dt 1:32; 31:27; 2Ch 36:13; Ps 78:22, 32; 106:24; Pv 29:1; Is 48:4; Jr 7:26; Ro 2:4; He 3:7, 12.
[15] Ex 24:6; Dt 6:17; 12:30; 29:10, 25; 32:21, 31; 1S 12:21; 1K 16:13; 2K 17:8, 11; 2Ch 33:2, 9; 36:15; Ne 9:26, 29; Ps 115:8; Jr 2:5; 8:9; 10:8, 15; 31:32; 44:4, 23; Jn 2:8; Ro 1:21; 1Co 8:4.
[16] Ex 32:4, 8; Dt 4:19; 1K 12:28; 14:15, 23; 15:13; 16:31, 33; 22:53; 2K 10:18; 11:18; 17:10; Ps 106:18; Is 44:9; Jr 8:2.
[17] Lv 18:21; Dt 18:10; 1K 21:20, 25; 2K 16:3; 17:11; 21:6; 2Ch 28:3; 33:6; Ps 106:37; Is 8:19; 47:9, 12; 50:1; Jr 27:9; Ezk 20:26, 31; 23:37, 39; Mi 5:12; Ac 16:16; Ga 5:26.
[18] Dt 29:20; 32:21; Jsh 23:13, 15; 1K 11:13, 32, 36; 12:20; 2K 13:23; 23:27; Jr 15:1; Ho 9:3; 11:12.
[19] 1K 14:22; 2K 8:18, 27; 16:3; 2Ch 21:11, 13; Jr 2:28; 3:8; Ezk 16:51; 22:2; 23:4.
[20] Dt 11:12; 1S 15:23, 26; 16:1; 2K 13:3, 7; 15:18, 29; 17:15, 18; 18:9; 1Ch 16:13; 2Ch 28:5; Ne 9:2, 27; Is 45:25; Jr 6:30; 31:36; 33:24; 46:28; Jna 1:3, 10; Mt 25:41; Ro 11:1; 2Th 1:9.
[21] Gn 20:9; Ex 32:21; 1S 2:17, 24; 1K 11:11, 31; 12:19, 20, 28; 14:8, 16; 2Ch 10:15; 11:11, 15; Ps 25:11; Is 7:17; Jn 19:11.
[22] 2K 3:3; 10:29, 31; 13:2, 6, 11; 15:9.
[23] 1K 13:2; 14:16; 2K 17:6, 13, 18, 20; 18:11; Ho 1:4; Am 5:27; Mi 1:6.

The strange nations, which were transplanted in Samaria, being plagued with lions, make a mixture of religions.

24 ¶ And the king of Assyria brought [men] from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed [them] in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof. 25 And [so] it was at the beginning of their dwelling there, [that] they feared not the LORD: therefore the LORD sent lions among them, which slew [some] of them. 26 Wherefore they spake to the king of Assyria, saying, The nations which thou hast removed, and placed in the cities of Samaria, know not the manner of the God of the land: therefore he hath sent lions among them, and, behold, they slay them, because they know not the manner of the God of the land. 27 Then the king of Assyria commanded, saying, Carry thither one of the priests whom ye brought from thence; and let them go and dwell there, and let him teach them the manner of the God of the land. 28 Then one of the priests whom they had carried away from Samaria came and dwelt in Bethel, and taught them how they should fear the LORD. 29 Howbeit every nation made gods of their own, and put [them] in the houses of the high places which the Samaritans had made, every nation in their cities wherein they dwelt. 30 And the men of Babylon made Succothbenoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal, and the men of Hamath made Ashima, 31 And the Avites made Nibhaz and Tartak, and the Sepharvites burnt their children in fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim. 32 So they feared the LORD, and made unto themselves of the lowest of them priests of the high places, which sacrificed for them in the houses of the high places. 33 They feared the LORD, and served their own gods, after the manner of the nations whom they carried away from thence. 34 Unto this day they do after the former manners: they fear not the LORD, neither do they after their statutes, or after their ordinances, or after the law and commandment which the LORD commanded the children of Jacob, whom he named Israel; 35 With whom the LORD had made a covenant, and charged them, saying, Ye shall not fear other gods, nor bow yourselves to them, nor serve them, nor sacrifice to them: 36 But the LORD, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt with great power and a stretched out arm, him shall ye fear, and him shall ye worship, and to him shall ye do sacrifice. 37 And the statutes, and the ordinances, and the law, and the commandment, which he wrote for you, ye shall observe to do for evermore; and ye shall not fear other gods. 38 And the covenant that I have made with you ye shall not forget; neither shall ye fear other gods. 39 But the LORD your God ye shall fear; and he shall deliver you out of the hand of all your enemies. 40 Howbeit they did not hearken, but they did after their former manner. 41 So these nations feared the LORD, and served their graven images, both their children, and their children's children: as did their fathers, so do they unto this day.

[24] 2K 17:6, 30, 31; 18:31; 19:13; 2Ch 33:11; Ezr 4:2; Is 10:9; 36:19; 37:13; Mt 10:5.
[25] Jsh 22:25; 1K 13:24; 20:36; 2K 2:24; 17:28, 32, 34, 41; Jr 5:6; 10:7; 15:3; Ezk 14:15, 21; Dn 6:26; Jna 1:9.
[26] 1S 8:9; 10:25; 2K 17:24, 27; Am 8:14.
[27] Jg 17:13; 1K 12:31; 13:2; 2Ch 11:15.
[28] 1K 12:29; Is 29:13; Mt 15:14.
[29] Ps 115:4; 135:15; Is 44:9; Jr 10:3; Ho 8:5; Mi 4:5; Ro 1:23.
[30] Gn 2:13; 2K 17:24.
[31] Lv 18:21; Dt 12:28, 31; 2K 17:17, 24; Ezr 4:9.
[32] 1K 12:31; 13:31, 33; 2K 17:29; 23:19.
[33] 1K 18:21; 2K 17:41; Ho 10:2; Zp 1:5; Mt 6:24; Lk 16:13.
[34] Gn 32:28; 33:20; 35:10; 1K 11:31; 18:11; 2K 17:25, 27, 33; Is 48:1.
[35] Ex 19:5; 20:4; 24:6; 34:12; Dt 4:23; 13:1; 29:10; Jsh 23:7, 16; Jg 6:10; 2K 17:15; Jr 10:5; 31:31; He 8:6.
[36] Ex 6:6; 9:15; Lv 19:32; Dt 5:15; 6:13; 10:20; 12:5, 11; Jr 32:21; Mt 10:28; Ac 4:30; Rv 15:4.
[37] Lv 19:37; Dt 4:44; 5:31; 6:1; 12:32; 31:9, 11; 2K 17:35; 1Ch 29:19; Ne 9:13; Ps 19:8; 105:44.
[38] Dt 4:23; 6:12; 8:14.
[39] 1S 12:24; 2K 17:36; Ne 9:27; Is 8:12; Jr 10:7; Mt 10:28; Lk 1:50, 71, 74.
[40] Dt 4:28; 2K 17:8, 12, 34; Jr 13:23.
[41] Jsh 24:14; 1K 18:21; 2K 17:32; Ezr 4:1; Zp 1:5; Mt 6:24; Rv 3:15.


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