NASB — 2 Chronicles 18 — KJV

Jehoshaphat Allies with Ahab

1 Now aJehoshaphat had great riches and honor; and he allied himself by marriage with Ahab. 2 aSome years later he went down to [visit] Ahab at Samaria. And Ahab slaughtered many sheep and oxen for him and the people who were with him, and induced him to go up against Ramoth-gilead. 3 Ahab king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat king of Judah, “Will you go with me [against] Ramoth-gilead?” And he said to him, “I am as you are, and my people as your people, and [we will be] with you in the battle.”

[1] a2Ch 17:5
[2] a1K 22:2-35

4 ¶ Moreover, Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, “Please inquire Ifirst for the word of the LORD.” 5 Then the king of Israel assembled the prophets, four hundred men, and said to them, “Shall we go against Ramoth-gilead to battle, or shall I refrain?” And they said, “Go up, for God will give [it] into the hand of the king.” 6 But Jehoshaphat said, “Is there not yet a prophet of the LORD here that we may inquire of him?” 7 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “There is yet one man by whom we may inquire of the LORD, but I hate him, for he never prophesies good concerning me but always evil. He is Micaiah, son of Imla.” But Jehoshaphat said, “Let not the king say so.”

[4] ILit as the day

Ahab’s False Prophets Assure Victory

8 Then the king of Israel called an officer and said, “IBring quickly Micaiah, Imla’s son.” 9 Now the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah were sitting each on his throne, arrayed in [their] robes, and [they] were sitting aat the threshing floor at the entrance of the gate of Samaria; and all the prophets were prophesying before them. 10 Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made horns of iron for himself and said, “Thus says the LORD, ‘With these you shall gore the Arameans until they are consumed.’” 11 All the prophets were prophesying thus, saying, “Go up to Ramoth-gilead and succeed, for the LORD will give [it] into the hand of the king.”

[8] ILit Hasten
[9] aRu 4:1

Micaiah Brings Word from God

12 ¶ Then the messenger who went to summon Micaiah spoke to him saying, “Behold, the words of the prophets are uniformly favorable to the king. So please let your word be like one of them and speak favorably.” 13 But Micaiah said, “As the LORD lives, awhat my God says, that I will speak.”

[13] aNu 22:18-20, 35

14 ¶ When he came to the king, the king said to him, “Micaiah, shall we go to Ramoth-gilead to battle, or shall I refrain?” He said, “Go up and succeed, for they will be given into your hand.” 15 Then the king said to him, “How many times must I adjure you to speak to me nothing but the truth in the name of the LORD?” 16 So he said,
  “I saw all Israel
  Scattered on the mountains,
  aLike sheep which have no shepherd;
  And the LORD said,
  ‘These have no master.
  Let each of them return to his house in peace.’”
17 Then the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “Did I not tell you that he would not prophesy good concerning me, but evil?”

[16] aNu 27:17; 1K 22:17; Ezk 34:5; 35:4-8; Mt 9:36; Mk 6:34

18 ¶ Micaiah said, “Therefore, hear the word of the LORD. aI saw the LORD sitting on His throne, and all the host of heaven standing on His right and on His left. 19 The LORD said, ‘Who will entice Ahab king of Israel to go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead?’ And one said this while another said that. 20 Then a aspirit came forward and stood before the LORD and said, ‘I will entice him.’ And the LORD said to him, ‘How?’ 21 He said, ‘I will go and be aa deceiving spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.’ Then He said, ‘You are to entice [him] and prevail also. Go and do so.’ 22 Now therefore, behold, athe LORD has put a deceiving spirit in the mouth of these your prophets, for the LORD has proclaimed disaster against you.”

[18] aIs 6:1-5; Dn 7:9, 10
[20] aJb 1:6; 2Th 2:9
[21] aJn 8:44
[22] aIs 19:14; Ezk 14:9

23 ¶ Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near and astruck Micaiah on the cheek and said, “IHow did the Spirit of the LORD pass from me to speak to you?” 24 Micaiah said, “Behold, you will see on that day when you enter an inner room to hide yourself.” 25 Then the king of Israel said, “aTake Micaiah and return him to Amon bthe governor of the city and to Joash the king’s son; 26 and say, ‘Thus says the king, “aPut this [man] in prison and feed him Isparingly with bread and water until I return safely.”’” 27 Micaiah said, “If you indeed return safely, the LORD has not spoken by me.” And he said, “aListen, all you people.”

[23] ILit Which way aJr 20:2; Mk 14:65; Ac 23:2
[25] a2Ch 18:8 b2Ch 34:8
[26] ILit with bread of affliction and water of affliction a2Ch 16:10
[27] aMi 1:2

Ahab’s Defeat and Death

28 ¶ So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah went up against Ramoth-gilead. 29 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “I will disguise myself and go into battle, but you put on your robes.” So the king of Israel disguised himself, and they went into battle. 30 Now the king of Aram had commanded the captains of his chariots, saying, “Do not fight with small or great, but with the king of Israel alone.” 31 So when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, they said, “It is the king of Israel,” and they turned aside to fight against him. But Jehoshaphat acried out, and the LORD helped him, and God diverted them from him. 32 When the captains of the chariots saw that it was not the king of Israel, they turned back from pursuing him. 33 A certain man drew his bow at random and struck the king of Israel Iin a joint of the armor. So he said to the driver of the chariot, “Turn IIaround and take me out of the IIIfight, for I am severely wounded.” 34 The battle raged that day, and the king of Israel propped himself up in his chariot in front of the Arameans until the evening; and at sunset he died.

[31] a2Ch 13:14, 15
[33] ILit between the scale-armor and the breastplate IILit your hand IIILit camp


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Jehoshaphat, joined in affinity with Ahab, is persuaded to go with him against Ramoth-gilead.

1 ¶ Now Jehoshaphat had riches and honour in abundance, and joined affinity¬ with Ahab. 2 And after [certain] years he went down¬ to Ahab to Samaria. And Ahab killed¬ sheep and oxen for him in abundance, and for the people that [he had] with him, and persuaded¬ him to go up¬ [with him] to Ramothgilead. 3 And Ahab king of Israel said¬ unto Jehoshaphat king of Judah, Wilt thou go¬ with me to Ramothgilead? And he answered¬ him, I [am] as thou [art], and my people as thy people; and [we will be] with thee in the war.

[1] 1K 16:31; 21:25; 2K 8:18, 26; 11:1; 2Ch 1:11; 17:5, 12; 18:31; 19:1, 2; 21:6; 22:2; Mt 6:33; 2Co 6:14.
[2] Dt 4:43; Jsh 20:8; 1K 1:9; 4:13; 17:7; 22:2, 4, 20; 2K 9:1; 2Ch 19:2; Ne 13:6; Is 22:12; Lk 17:27.
[3] 1K 22:4; 2K 3:7; Ps 139:21; Ep 5:11; 2Jn 1:10.

Ahab, seduced by flase prophets, according to the word of Micaiah, is slain there.

4 ¶ And Jehoshaphat said¬ unto the king of Israel, Enquire,¬ I pray thee, at the word of the LORD to day. 5 Therefore the king of Israel gathered together¬ of prophets four hundred men, and said¬ unto them, Shall we go¬ to Ramothgilead to battle, or shall I forbear?¬ And they said,¬ Go up;¬ for God will deliver¬ [it] into the king's hand. 6 But Jehoshaphat said,¬ [Is there] not here a prophet of the LORD besides, that we might enquire¬ of him? 7 And the king of Israel said¬ unto Jehoshaphat, [There is] yet one man, by whom we may enquire¬ of the LORD: but I hate¬ him; for he never prophesied¬ good unto me, but always evil: the same [is] Micaiah the son of Imla. And Jehoshaphat said,¬ Let not the king say¬ so. 8 And the king of Israel called¬ for one [of his] officers, and said,¬ Fetch quickly¬ Micaiah the son of Imla. 9 And the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah sat¬ either of them on his throne, clothed¬ in [their] robes, and they sat¬ in a void place at the entering in of the gate of Samaria; and all the prophets prophesied¬ before them. 10 And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah had made¬ him horns of iron, and said,¬ Thus saith¬ the LORD, With these thou shalt push¬ Syria until they be consumed.¬ 11 And all the prophets prophesied¬ so, saying,¬ Go up¬ to Ramothgilead, and prosper:¬ for the LORD shall deliver¬ [it] into the hand of the king. 12 And the messenger that went¬ to call¬ Micaiah spake¬ to him, saying,¬ Behold, the words of the prophets [declare] good to the king with one assent; let thy word therefore, I pray thee, be like one of theirs, and speak¬ thou good. 13 And Micaiah said,¬ [As] the LORD liveth, even what my God saith,¬ that will I speak.¬ 14 And when he was come¬ to the king, the king said¬ unto him, Micaiah, shall we go¬ to Ramothgilead to battle, or shall I forbear?¬ And he said,¬ Go ye up,¬ and prosper,¬ and they shall be delivered¬ into your hand. 15 And the king said¬ to him, How many times shall I adjure¬ thee that thou say¬ nothing but the truth to me in the name of the LORD? 16 Then he said,¬ I did see¬ all Israel scattered¬ upon the mountains, as sheep that have no shepherd:¬ and the LORD said,¬ These have no master; let them return¬ [therefore] every man to his house in peace. 17 And the king of Israel said¬ to Jehoshaphat, Did I not tell¬ thee [that] he would not prophesy¬ good unto me, but evil? 18 Again he said,¬ Therefore hear¬ the word of the LORD; I saw¬ the LORD sitting¬ upon his throne, and all the host of heaven standing¬ on his right hand and [on] his left. 19 And the LORD said,¬ Who shall entice¬ Ahab king of Israel, that he may go up¬ and fall¬ at Ramothgilead? And one spake¬ saying¬ after this manner, and another saying¬ after that manner. 20 Then there came out¬ a spirit, and stood¬ before the LORD, and said,¬ I will entice¬ him. And the LORD said¬ unto him, Wherewith? 21 And he said,¬ I will go out,¬ and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And [the LORD] said,¬ Thou shalt entice¬ [him], and thou shalt also prevail:¬ go out,¬ and do¬ [even] so. 22 Now therefore, behold, the LORD hath put¬ a lying spirit in the mouth of these thy prophets, and the LORD hath spoken¬ evil against thee. 23 Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near,¬ and smote¬ Micaiah upon the cheek, and said,¬ Which way went¬ the Spirit of the LORD from me to speak¬ unto thee? 24 And Micaiah said,¬ Behold, thou shalt see¬ on that day when thou shalt go¬ into an inner chamber to hide¬ thyself. 25 Then the king of Israel said,¬ Take¬ ye Micaiah, and carry him back¬ to Amon the governor of the city, and to Joash the king's son; 26 And say,¬ Thus saith¬ the king, Put¬ this [fellow] in the prison, and feed¬ him with bread of affliction and with water of affliction, until I return¬ in peace. 27 And Micaiah said,¬ If thou certainly¬ return¬ in peace, [then] hath not the LORD spoken¬ by me. And he said,¬ Hearken,¬ all ye people. 28 So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up¬ to Ramothgilead. 29 And the king of Israel said¬ unto Jehoshaphat, I will disguise¬ myself, and will go¬ to the battle; but put¬ thou on thy robes. So the king of Israel disguised¬ himself; and they went¬ to the battle. 30 Now the king of Syria had commanded¬ the captains of the chariots that [were] with him, saying,¬ Fight¬ ye not with small or great, save only with the king of Israel. 31 And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw¬ Jehoshaphat, that they said,¬ It [is] the king of Israel. Therefore they compassed about¬ him to fight:¬ but Jehoshaphat cried out,¬ and the LORD helped¬ him; and God moved¬ them [to depart] from him. 32 For it came to pass, that, when the captains of the chariots perceived¬ that it was not the king of Israel, they turned back again¬ from pursuing him. 33 And a [certain] man drew¬ a bow at a venture, and smote¬ the king of Israel between the joints of the harness: therefore he said¬ to his chariot man, Turn¬ thine hand, that thou mayest carry me out¬ of the host; for I am wounded.¬ 34 And the battle increased¬ that day: howbeit the king of Israel stayed [himself] up¬ in [his] chariot against the Syrians until the even: and about the time of the sun going down¬ he died.¬

[4] 1S 23:2, 4, 9; 2S 2:1; 5:19, 23; 1K 22:5; 2Ch 34:26; Ps 27:4; Jr 21:2; Ezk 20:3.
[5] 1K 18:19; 2K 3:13; 2Ch 18:14, 20; Jr 8:10; 23:14, 17; 28:1; 38:14; 42:2, 20; Ezk 13:3, 22; Mi 2:11; 3:11; 2Ti 4:3; Rv 19:20.
[6] 1K 22:7; 2K 3:11.
[7] 1K 18:4, 17; 19:10; 20:42; 21:20; 2K 9:22; 2Ch 18:13; Ps 34:21; 55:3; 69:14; Pv 9:8; 25:12; 29:10; Is 30:10; Jr 18:18; 38:4; Ezk 3:17; Am 5:10; Mi 2:7; Mk 6:18, 27; Lk 6:22; Jn 7:7; 15:18, 24; Ac 20:26; Ga 4:16.
[8] 1S 8:15; 1K 22:9; 1Ch 28:1; 2Ch 18:25; Is 39:7; Dn 1:3, 7.
[9] 1K 22:10; 2Ch 18:29; Is 14:9; Jr 27:14; Ezk 26:16; Dn 7:9; Mt 6:29; 11:8; 19:28.
[10] Jr 23:17, 21, 25, 31; 27:2; 28:2, 10; 29:21; Ezk 13:7; 22:28; Zc 1:18; 2Ti 3:8.
[11] 2Ch 18:5, 12, 33; Pv 24:24; Mi 3:5; 2P 2:1; Jde 1:16; Rv 16:13; 19:20.
[12] Jsh 9:2; Jb 22:13; Ps 10:11; Is 30:10; Ho 7:3; Am 7:13; Mi 2:6, 11; 1Co 2:14.
[13] Nu 22:18, 35; 23:12, 26; 24:13; 1K 22:14; Jr 23:28; 42:4; Ezk 2:7; Mi 2:6; Ac 20:27; 1Co 11:23; 2Co 2:17; Ga 1:10; 1Th 2:4.
[14] 1K 18:27; 22:15; Ec 11:1; Lm 4:21; Am 4:4; Mt 26:45.
[15] 1S 14:24; 1K 22:16; Mt 26:63; Mk 5:7; Ac 19:13.
[16] 2S 2:7; 5:2; 1K 22:17, 34; 2K 10:3; 2Ch 18:33; Jr 23:1; Ezk 34:5, 8; Zc 10:2; 13:7; Mt 9:36; 26:64; Mk 6:34.
[17] 1K 22:18; 2Ch 18:7; Pv 29:1; Jr 43:2.
[18] Gn 32:2; 1K 22:19; Ps 103:20; Is 1:10; 6:1; 28:14; 39:5; Jr 2:4; 19:3; 34:4; Dn 7:9; Am 7:16; Zc 1:10; Ac 7:55.
[19] 1K 22:20; 2Ch 25:8, 19; Jb 12:16; Pv 11:5; Is 6:9; 54:16; Ezk 14:9; 2Th 2:11; Jm 1:13.
[20] Jb 1:6; 2:1; 2Co 11:3, 13.
[21] Gn 3:4; Jg 9:23; 1K 22:21; 2Ch 18:19, 22; Jb 1:12; 2:6; Ps 109:17; Jn 8:44; 1Jn 4:6; Rv 12:9; 13:14; 20:8.
[22] Ex 4:21; 2Ch 18:7, 17; 25:18; Jb 12:16; Is 3:11; 19:14; Jr 18:11; Ezk 14:3, 9; Mi 2:3; Mt 24:24; 26:24; Mk 14:20; 2Co 11:11; 2Th 2:9; 1Ti 4:1.
[23] 1K 22:23; 2Ch 18:10; Is 50:5; Jr 20:2; 29:26; Lm 3:30; Mi 5:1; Mt 26:67; Mk 14:65; Jn 9:40; 18:22; Ac 23:2.
[24] 1S 19:16; 1K 20:30; Is 26:11, 20; Jr 28:16; 29:21, 32.
[25] 2Ch 18:8; Jr 37:15; 38:6; Ac 24:25.
[26] Dt 29:19; 1S 25:21; 1K 22:26; 2Ch 16:10; 18:15; Ps 10:5; 80:5; 102:9; Pv 14:16; Is 30:20; Jr 20:2; Mt 5:12; 12:24; Lk 3:19; 23:2; Ac 5:18; 22:22; 2Co 11:23; 1Th 5:2; Rv 11:10.
[27] Nu 16:29; Am 9:10; Mt 13:9; 15:10; Mk 7:14; Lk 20:45; Ac 13:10.
[28] 1K 22:29.
[29] 1S 28:8; 1K 14:2; 20:38; 2Ch 35:22; Jb 24:15; Ps 12:2; Pv 26:25; Jr 23:24.
[30] Gn 19:11; Dt 1:17; 1K 20:33, 42; 2Ch 15:13.
[31] Ex 14:10; 2Ch 13:14; 14:11; 26:7; Ezr 1:1; 7:27; Ne 1:11; Ps 34:7; 46:1, 11; 94:17; 116:1; 118:13; Pv 16:7; 21:1; 2Co 1:9.
[32] 1K 22:33.
[33] 2S 15:11; 1K 22:34; 2Ch 35:23.
[34] Nu 32:23; 2Ch 18:16, 19, 27; Pv 13:21; 28:17.


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