NASB — Acts 22 — KJV

Paul’s Defense before the Jews

1aBrethren and fathers, hear my defense which I now [offer] to you.”

[1] aAc 7:2

2 ¶ And when they heard that he was addressing them in the IaHebrew dialect, they became even more quiet; and he *said,

[2] II.e. Jewish Aramaic aAc 21:40

3 ¶ “aI am ba Jew, born in cTarsus of dCilicia, but brought up in this city, educated Iunder eGamaliel, IIfstrictly according to the law of our fathers, being zealous for God just as gyou all are today. 4 aI persecuted this bWay to the death, binding and putting both men and women into prisons, 5 as also athe high priest and all bthe Council of the elders Ican testify. From them I also creceived letters to dthe brethren, and started off for cDamascus in order to bring even those who were there to Jerusalem IIas prisoners to be punished.

[3] ILit at the feet of IILit according to the strictness of the ancestral law aAc 9:1-22; 22:3-16; 26:9-18 bAc 21:39 cAc 9:11 dAc 6:9 eAc 5:34 fAc 23:6; 26:5; Php 3:6 gAc 21:20
[4] aAc 8:3; 22:19f; 26:9-11 bAc 9:2
[5] ILit testifies for me IILit having been bound aAc 9:1 bLk 22:66; Ac 5:21; 1Ti 4:14 cAc 9:2 dAc 2:29; 3:17; 13:26; 23:1; 28:17, 21; Ro 9:3

6 ¶ “aBut it happened that as I was on my way, approaching Damascus about noontime, a very bright light suddenly flashed from heaven all around me, 7 and I fell to the ground and heard a voice saying to me, ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me?’ 8 And I answered, ‘Who are You, Lord?’ And He said to me, ‘I am aJesus the Nazarene, whom you are persecuting.’ 9 And those who were with me asaw the light, to be sure, but bdid not Iunderstand the voice of the One who was speaking to me. 10 And I said, ‘aWhat shall I do, Lord?’ And the Lord said to me, ‘Get up and go on into Damascus, and there you will be told of all that has been appointed for you to do.’ 11 But since I acould not see because of the Ibrightness of that light, I was led by the hand by those who were with me and came into Damascus.

[6] aAc 22:6-11: Ac 9:3-8; 26:12-18
[8] aAc 26:9
[9] IOr hear (with comprehension) aAc 26:13 bAc 9:7
[10] aAc 16:30
[11] ILit glory aAc 9:8

12 ¶ “A certain aAnanias, a man who was devout by the standard of the Law, [and] bwell spoken of by all the Jews who lived there, 13 came to me, and standing near said to me, ‘aBrother Saul, receive your sight!’ And Ibat that very time I looked up at him. 14 And he said, ‘aThe God of our fathers has bappointed you to know His will and to csee the dRighteous One and to hear an Iutterance from His mouth. 15 For you will be aa witness for Him to all men of bwhat you have seen and heard. 16 Now why do you delay? aGet up and be baptized, and bwash away your sins, ccalling on His name.’

[12] aAc 9:10 bAc 6:3; 10:22
[13] IOr instantly; lit at the very hour aAc 9:17 bAc 9:18
[14] IOr message; lit voice aAc 3:13 bAc 9:15; 26:16 cAc 9:17; 26:16; 1Co 9:1; 15:8 dAc 7:52
[15] aAc 23:11; 26:16 bAc 22:14
[16] aAc 9:18 bAc 2:38; 1Co 6:11; Ep 5:26; He 10:22 cAc 7:59

17 ¶ “It happened when I areturned to Jerusalem and was praying in the temple, that I bfell into a trance, 18 and I saw Him saying to me, aMake haste, and get out of Jerusalem quickly, because they will not accept your testimony about Me.’ 19 And I said, ‘Lord, they themselves understand that in one synagogue after another aI used to imprison and bbeat those who believed in You. 20 And awhen the blood of Your witness Stephen was being shed, I also was standing by approving, and watching out for the coats of those who were slaying him.’ 21 And He said to me, ‘Go! For I will send you far away ato the Gentiles.’

[17] aAc 9:26; 26:20 bAc 10:10
[18] aAc 9:29
[19] aAc 8:3; 22:4 bMt 10:17; Ac 26:11
[20] aAc 7:58f; 8:1; 26:10
[21] aAc 9:15

22 ¶ They listened to him up to this statement, and [then] they raised their voices and said, “aAway with such a fellow from the earth, for bhe should not be allowed to live!” 23 And as they were crying out and athrowing off their cloaks and btossing dust into the air, 24 the Icommander ordered him to be brought into athe barracks, stating that he should be bexamined by scourging so that he might find out the reason why they were shouting against him that way. 25 But when they stretched him out Iwith thongs, Paul said to the centurion who was standing by, “Is it IIlawful for you to scourge aa man who is a Roman and uncondemned?” 26 When the centurion heard [this], he went to the Icommander and told him, saying, “What are you about to do? For this man is a Roman.” 27 The Icommander came and said to him, “Tell me, are you a Roman?” And he said, “Yes.” 28 The Icommander answered, “I acquired this citizenship with a large sum of money.” And Paul said, “But I was actually born [a citizen].” 29 Therefore those who were about to aexamine him immediately Ilet go of him; and the IIcommander also bwas afraid when he found out that he was a Roman, and because he had IIIcput him in chains.

[22] aAc 21:36; 1Th 2:16 bAc 25:24
[23] aAc 7:58 b2S 16:13
[24] II.e. chiliarch, in command of one thousand troops aAc 21:34 bAc 22:29
[25] IOr for the whip IIInterrogation by torture was a procedure used with slaves aAc 16:37
[26] IV 24, note 1
[27] IV 24, note 1
[28] IV 24, note 1
[29] ILit withdrew from IIV 24, note 1 IIILit bound him aAc 22:24 bAc 16:38 cAc 21:33

30 ¶ But on the next day, awishing to know for certain why he had been accused by the Jews, he breleased him and ordered the chief priests and all cthe ICouncil to assemble, and brought Paul down and set him before them.

[30] IOr Sanhedrin aAc 23:28 bAc 21:33 cMt 5:22


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Paul declareth at large, how he was converted to the faith,

1 ¶ Men, brethren, and fathers, hear ye my defence [which I make] now unto you. 2 (And when they heard that he spake in the Hebrew tongue to them, they kept the more silence: and he saith,) 3 I am verily a man [which am] a Jew, born in Tarsus, [a city] in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, [and] taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers, and was zealous toward God, as ye all are this day. 4 And I persecuted this way unto the death, binding and delivering into prisons both men and women. 5 As also the high priest doth bear me witness, and all the estate of the elders: from whom also I received letters unto the brethren, and went to Damascus, to bring them which were there bound unto Jerusalem, for to be punished. 6 And it came to pass, that, as I made my journey, and was come nigh unto Damascus about noon, suddenly there shone from heaven a great light round about me. 7 And I fell unto the ground, and heard a voice saying unto me, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? 8 And I answered, Who art thou, Lord? And he said unto me, I am Jesus of Nazareth, whom thou persecutest. 9 And they that were with me saw indeed the light, and were afraid; but they heard not the voice of him that spake to me. 10 And I said, What shall I do, Lord? And the Lord said unto me, Arise, and go into Damascus; and there it shall be told thee of all things which are appointed for thee to do. 11 And when I could not see for the glory of that light, being led by the hand of them that were with me, I came into Damascus. 12 And one Ananias, a devout man according to the law, having a good report of all the Jews which dwelt [there], 13 Came unto me, and stood, and said unto me, Brother Saul, receive thy sight. And the same hour I looked up upon him. 14 And he said, The God of our fathers hath chosen thee, that thou shouldest know his will, and see that Just One, and shouldest hear the voice of his mouth. 15 For thou shalt be his witness unto all men of what thou hast seen and heard. 16 And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.

[1] Lk 12:11; 21:14; Ac 7:2; 13:26; 19:33; 23:1, 6; 24:10; 25:8, 16; 26:1, 24; 28:17; Ro 2:15; 1Co 9:3; 2Co 7:11; 12:19; Php 1:7, 17; 2Ti 4:16; 1P 3:15.
[2] Ac 21:40.
[3] Dt 33:3; 2S 21:2; 2K 4:38; Lk 2:46; 8:35; 10:39; Ac 5:34; 6:9; 9:11, 30; 11:25; 15:23, 41; 21:20, 39; 23:6, 34; 26:5; Ro 10:2; 11:1; 2Co 11:22; Ga 1:14, 21; 4:17; Php 3:5, 6.
[4] Ac 7:58; 8:1; 9:1, 13, 21; 16:17; 18:26; 19:9, 23; 22:19; 24:14; 26:9; 1Co 15:9; Php 3:6; 1Ti 1:13.
[5] Lk 22:66; Ac 4:5; 5:21; 9:1, 14; 22:1; 26:10, 12; Ro 9:3.
[6] Gn 14:15; 15:2; 2S 8:6; Is 24:23; Mt 17:2; Ac 9:3; 26:12, 13; Rv 1:16.
[7] Gn 3:9; 16:8; 22:1, 11; Ex 3:4; 1S 3:10; Is 43:22; Jr 2:5, 9; Mt 25:45; 27:23; 1Ti 1:13.
[8] Ex 16:7; 1S 8:7; Zc 2:8; Mt 2:23; 10:40; 25:40, 45; Ac 3:6; 4:10; 6:14; 26:14; 1Co 12:12, 26.
[9] Dn 10:7; Jn 12:29; Ac 9:7.
[10] Ps 25:8; 143:8; Ac 2:37; 9:6; 10:33; 16:30; 22:12; 26:16.
[11] Is 42:16; Ac 9:8; 13:11.
[12] Lk 2:25; Ac 6:3; 8:2; 9:10; 10:22; 17:4; 2Co 6:8; 1Ti 3:7; He 11:2; 3Jn 1:12.
[13] Ac 9:17; Phm 1:16.
[14] Ex 3:13; 15:2; 2K 21:22; 1Ch 12:17; 29:18; 2Ch 28:25; 30:19; Ezr 7:27; Jr 1:5; Dn 2:23; Jn 15:16; Ac 3:13, 14; 5:30; 7:52; 9:15, 17; 13:17; 22:18; 24:14; 26:16; Ro 1:1; 1Co 9:1; 11:23; 15:3, 8; 2Co 5:21; Ga 1:12, 15; 2Ti 1:1; Tit 1:1; 1P 2:22; 1Jn 2:1.
[15] Lk 24:47; Jn 15:27; Ac 1:8, 22; 4:20; 10:39; 23:11; 26:16, 20; 27:24.
[16] Ps 119:60; Jr 8:14; Ac 2:21, 38; 9:14; Ro 6:3; 10:12; 1Co 1:2; 6:11; 12:13; Ga 3:27; Tit 3:5; He 10:22; 1P 3:21.

and called to his apostleship.

17 And it came to pass, that, when I was come again to Jerusalem, even while I prayed in the temple, I was in a trance; 18 And saw him saying unto me, Make haste, and get thee quickly out of Jerusalem: for they will not receive thy testimony concerning me. 19 And I said, Lord, they know that I imprisoned and beat in every synagogue them that believed on thee: 20 And when the blood of thy martyr Stephen was shed, I also was standing by, and consenting unto his death, and kept the raiment of them that slew him. 21 And he said unto me, Depart: for I will send thee far hence unto the Gentiles.

[17] Ac 9:26; 10:9; 2Co 12:1; Ga 1:18; Rv 1:10.
[18] Ezk 3:6; Mt 10:14, 23; Lk 21:21; Ac 3:19; 22:14.
[19] Mt 10:17; Ac 8:3; 9:1; 22:4; 26:9.
[20] Lk 11:48; Ac 7:58; 8:1; Ro 1:32; Rv 2:13; 17:6.
[21] Ac 9:15; 13:2, 46; 18:6; 26:17; Ro 1:5; 11:13; 15:16; 16:26; Ga 1:15; 2:7; Ep 3:6; 1Ti 2:7; 2Ti 1:11.

At the very mentioning of the Gentiles, the people exclaim on him.

22 And they gave him audience unto this word, and [then] lifted up their voices, and said, Away with such a [fellow] from the earth: for it is not fit that he should live. 23 And as they cried out, and cast off [their] clothes, and threw dust into the air,

[22] Lk 23:18; Jn 19:15; Ac 7:54; 21:36; 25:24.
[23] Ec 10:3; Ac 7:53; 26:11.

He should have been scourged,

24 The chief captain commanded him to be brought into the castle, and bade that he should be examined by scourging; that he might know wherefore they cried so against him.

[24] Jn 19:1; Ac 16:22, 37; 21:31; 22:25; 23:10, 27; He 11:35.

but claiming the privilege of a Roman, he escapeth.

25 And as they bound him with thongs, Paul said unto the centurion that stood by, Is it lawful for you to scourge a man that is a Roman, and uncondemned? 26 When the centurion heard [that], he went and told the chief captain, saying, Take heed what thou doest: for this man is a Roman. 27 Then the chief captain came, and said unto him, Tell me, art thou a Roman? He said, Yea. 28 And the chief captain answered, With a great sum obtained I this freedom. And Paul said, But I was [free] born. 29 Then straightway they departed from him which should have examined him: and the chief captain also was afraid, after he knew that he was a Roman, and because he had bound him. 30 On the morrow, because he would have known the certainty wherefore he was accused of the Jews, he loosed him from [his] bands, and commanded the chief priests and all their council to appear, and brought Paul down, and set him before them.

[25] Mt 8:8; 27:54; Ac 10:1; 16:37; 22:27; 23:17; 25:16; 27:1, 3, 43.
[26] Ac 22:29; 23:27.
[28] Ac 22:28.
[29] Ac 16:38; 22:24, 25; He 11:35.
[30] Mt 10:17; 27:2; Ac 5:21; 21:11, 33; 22:5; 23:15, 28; 26:29.


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